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毛泽东是如何指挥抗美援朝战争的
作者: 逄先知    发布时间: 2020/11/3 9:20:04    来源:BB视讯_bb视讯安全网站-官网APP下载

    从中国人民志愿军渡江那一天起,毛泽东的全副精力都集中到朝鲜战场上了。毛泽东一生指挥过无数次大大小小的战役,统帅过百万以上的大军,同时在几个战场上与敌人作战,取得一个又一个胜利。他有着高人一筹的战略指导思想和丰富的战争经验。但是指挥抗美援朝战争,对他来说毕竟是一个新的课题。这是在一个新的战场上——国外战场,同一个新的敌人——具有高度现代化装备的美军军队作战。怎样取得胜利,这需要在实践中积累和总结新的经验。
  毛泽东在指导第一次战役中提出的战略和战役的指导思想,对于志愿军取得第一次战役以及以后几次战役的胜利,意义重大。

    chuzhanbisheng,zheiduiyuchuguozuozhandezhiyuanjunlaishuoyouqizhongyao。diyizhangnengbunengdasheng,jiangjuedingzhiyuanjunruchaohounengbunengzhandezhujiao。zaineixierizili,maozedongguozheshifenjinzhangdeshenghuo,shuimianjishao。tameitianpiyuedaliangcailiao,qianfangdedianbaoyijigefangmiandeqingbao,yigejiezheyige,maozedonggenjugefangmiandeqingkuangjiayifenxi,henkuaizuochujueduan,zhidaoqianfangzuozhan。maozedongdangshi57sui,jingliyeshifenchongpei。genjudiqingdebianhua,maozedongzai10yue21rilingchen2shi30fen,zhidianpengdehuaideng,zhengshixiadadiyicizhanyidebushu。takanchumaikeasezaizhanlvepanduanshangfanleyigedacuowu,jiushiweiliaodaobbshixunzhiyuanjunhuicanzhan,suoyiganyubingfenliangluqianjin。taduanding,zheijiangshizhengqudiyigeshengzhang,kaishizhuanbianchaoxianzhanjudejihaojihui。10yue25rishangwu,nanchaoxianjunyigejiaqiangyingbeizhiyuanjundisishijunyigetuan,yilantou、jiewei、zhanyaodezhanshu,jiangqidabujianmie,daxianglezhenjingshijiedezhongguorenminzhiyuanjunkangmeiyuanchaozhanzhengdediyizhang。zhongguorenminyizhibazheiyitianzuoweizhongguorenminzhiyuanjunfuchaozuozhandejinianri。suihouzhiyuanjunjingguo13gezhouyejiankuzuozhan,jiandi1.5wanyuren,zhongchuanghaocheng“wangpaijun”demeijundiyiqibingshiyigetuan,henchaleyixia“wangpaijun”deweifeng。diyicizhanyideshengli,badirencongyalvjiangbiangandaoqingchuanjiang,chubuwendinglechaoxianzhanju。

    zaidiyi、er、sancizhanyidezhanlvejingonghedisicizhanyidejijifangyuguochengzhong,zaizhongchaojunduitongyimeijunweizhude“lianheguojun”defanfujiaoliangzhong,maozedongduichaoxianzhanzhengguilvderenshizhubushenhua。taduikangmeiyuanchaozhanzhengzongdezhidaofangzhen,gaikuowei“zhanzhengzhunbeizhangqi,jinliangzhengquduanqi”,bingzaidiwucizhanyizhong,xingchengle“lingqiaoniupitang”dezuozhanfangzhen。  

    zaidiercizhanyishenglijieshuhou,youxierendetounaolisushengsixiangyousuoshengzhang。duichaoxianzhanjudefazhanqiantuyingdangzenyangguliang?shisusheng,haishichijiu?zheishibaizaimaozedongmianqianxuyaozuochuhuidadeyigezhongdafangzhenwenti。maozedonggenjuliangcizhanyidejingyan,bingtingqulepengdehuaidengrendeyijian,duichaoxianzhanjudefazhanqiantuwentizuochumingquedehuida: “zhanzhengrengranyaozuozhangqidasuan,yaogujidaojinhouxuduokunnanqingkuang。yaodongdebujingguoyanzhongdedouzheng,bujianmieweijunquanbuzhishaoshiqidabu,buzaijianmiemeiyingjunzhishaosiwuwanren,chaoxianwentishibunengjiejuede,sushengdeguandianshiyouhaide。”  

    zaizhongchaojunduilianxuqudesancizhanyideshenglihou,“lianheguojun”chengzhiyuanjunherenminjunshangweichongfenxiuzhengzhiji,youxixiangdongquanxianfaqidaguimojingong。zhongchaojunduikaishijinxingdisicizhanyi。zhongguorenminzhiyuanjunyijinglianxujinxinglesancizhanyi,dadeshifenpilao,daliangjianyuan,yaowanchengdisicizhanyijijifangyudezuozhanrenwu,kunnanshenda,jidaibuchongbingli。zenmeban?zhonggongzhongyangjunweigenjumaozedongdeyijian,yu2yue7rizuochujueding,shixinglunfanzuozhan。zheijiushijiangguoqucongguoneibuduichoudiaolaobing,buchongzhiyuanjundebanfa,gaiweiyijunweidanweichengjianzhidiyouguoneidiaowangchaoxianzhanchang,lunfanzuozhan。lunfanzuozhanshizhongguorenminzhiyuanjunzaikangmeiyuanchaozhanzhengzhongdeyigexinchuangju。  

    zheishi,pengdehuaixiangmaozedongtuchuditichubingyuanbuzuhehouqinbaozhangwenti。maozedongjingguorenzhensikao,xiangpengdehuaitichu: “chaoxianzhanzhengnengsushengzesusheng,bunengsushengzehuansheng,buyaojiyuqiucheng。”zheiyixiajilepengdehuaiyigehendadexiangjichuzhideyudi。pengdehuaigandao,kangmeiyuanchaozhanzhengyouleyigejidongeryoumingquedefangzhen。zheigefangzhen,tongmaozedongzaidisancizhanyijieshuhoubujiusuozuodeleguangujishibutongde。maozedongrenzhentingqupengdehuaidechenshu,jishidiaozhengfangzhen,zuochuzhengquejueduan,zheishiyingmingde。  

    “lianheguojun”zaiwuqizhuangbeifangmianzhanyouyoushi,tabujinyoujishujingliangdezhuangjiabing、paobing,erqieyouzhikongquan,jidongxinghenqiang。zhiyuanjunduimeijunyigetuanzuoyoudebinglicengjingduocijinxinghewei,shizhongbunengxiaomieta,zhiduoxiaomieyigeying。zheiyuguoneizhanzhengtebieshijiefangzhanzhenghouqideqingkuangdabuxiangtong,neishirenminjiefangjunchangchangshizhengshizhenglvdinaizhijigeshijigelvdixiaomiediren。zheizhongfanfuchuxiandeqingkuang,yinqimaozedongdezhuyi。maozedongzai1951nian5yue26ri,jipengdehuaidedianbaozhongyaoqiu,muqiandameiyingjunzhishixingzhanshudexiaobaowei,daxiaojianmiezhan,jingguodaxiaojianmiezhanjindaodadajianmiezhan。diertian,maozedongzhaojianzhiyuanjuncanmouzhangjiefanghedisanbingtuansilingyuanchengengshi,youshuo: “meijunyiciyichedigancuijianmiediyigeyingweimubiao。”maozedongbazheigezuozhanfangzhen,jiaozuo“lingqiaoniupitang”。dao6yue3ri,zaijisidalindedianbaoli,maozedongdezheigezuozhanfangzhenyijiduizhanjudeguliangjiubiaoshudegengweimingquele。maozedongduizhongguogemingzhanzhengguilvderenshi,yongleshiniandeshijian。taduikangmeiyuanchaozhanzhengdeteshuguilvderenshi,yonglebudaoyiniandeshijian。  

    wucizhanyidefanfujiaoliangzhengming,meiguotunbingchaoxian、bazhanhuoshaodaozhongguodaludezhanlvetumouyiwufashixian。jiaohengdemeiguoqinlvezhe,kaishizhuanxiangmouqiutingzhantanpan。maozedongminruidibawozhuzheigejihui,jishitichulexindezhidaofangzhen,zheijiushi“chongfenzhunbeichijiuzuozhanhezhengquhetan,dadaojieshuzhanzheng”。zaijunshishangjinyibugaikuochu“chijiuzuozhan、jijifangyu”defangzhen。zheigefangzhen,duizhongchaojunduizaijijiangdaolaidezhangdaliangnianzhijiudejunshidouzhenghezhengzhidouzhengjiaocuo、biandabiantan、youtanyoudadejumianxia,laolaozhangwozhudongquan,juyouzhiguanzhongyaodeyiyi。  

    maozedongweijijianglailindetingzhantanpanzuoleduofangmianzhunbei。tadongde,yaotongmeiguoqinlvezhejinxingtanpan,shihepingdekenengxingbianweixianshi,meiyouxionghoudeshilizuohoudunshiwanwanbuxingde。zaizhanchangshangshaoyoushuhuhuozheshiruo,bidingyaochikui,bidingzaitanpanzhongshizijichuyubulidediwei。yinci,ruhegonggudiwucizhanyideshengli,zhubutigaozhongguorenminzhiyuanjundegongfangchixuzuozhandenengli,jiuchengweimaozedongshouxianguanzhuhejiejuedewenti。 

    tingzhantanpanjiuyaojuxingle,maozedongjihutourulequanbujingli,laizhidaotanpandezhunbeigongzuo。taqinziqicaochaozhongfangmianzhi“lianheguojun”zongsilingliqiweideduofengfuhan,qinzishenyuexiugaiyouguantanpanjieqiazhunbeiqingkuangdexinwengao,qinzicaonichaozhongfangmianguanyutingzhanxiedingdecaoan,bingzhengxunjinricheng、pengdehuaijisidalindeyijian。xuduojutierxiweidezhunbeigongzuo,zhurutanpanhuiyichangsuo、duifangdaibiaotuansusheyijibbshixunfangdaibiaotuansushedebuzhi,gezhongyongju、shebeiheshipindezhunbei,yijilikenong、qiaoguanhuahebbshixunfangdaibiaotuanchengyuandaodatanpandidiankaichengdejutishijiandengdeng,maozedongdouyangyangguanzhaodaole。maozedongzhihuizhanzheng,zuijiangjiu“chuzhanbisheng”,“budawuzhunbeizhizhang”。zaitanpanzhuoshangtongduishoujiaofeng,maozedongyefeichangzhuyi“chuzhanbisheng”。zailinzhanzhiqian,zuohaochongfenerzhouquandezhunbei,bujiduishouyourenhekechengzhijiherenhekeyiliyongdejiekou。maozedongjiyouzhihuiqianjunwanma、qitunshanhedexiongcaidalve,youyoujuti、shiji、xizhiruweidegongzuofangfa。zheishilingrenqinpeide。  

    chaoxiantanpanshijiannande。meifangcengwuliyaoqiujiangjunshifenjiexianhuazaizhiyuanjunhechaoxianrenminjunzhendihoufang,qitubuzhanerjuequ1.2wanpingfanggonglitudi。zaodaojujuehou,jiugongranyiwulixiangyaoxie,shuo: “neijiurangzhadan、dapaohejiguanqiangqubianlunba。”chaoxiantanpanbeipozhongduan,shuangfangcongtanpanzhuoshangdejiaoliangzhuandaolezhanchangshangdejiaoliang。zhiyuanjunshizaijiqieliedeqihouhehouqinjiyangyanzhongkunnandetiaojianxia,kangji“lianheguojun”dexiajigongshiheqiujigongshide。10yue14ri,zhongguorenminzhiyuanjunzhengzaiyingyongwanqiangdikangjizhemeijunlaishixiongmengdeqiujigongshi,maozedongfalaileyigedianbao,xiedao: “zhiyuanjundangweiqinaidetongzhimen: ……zhongyangduiyuzhiyuanjunquantitongzhizaizhiyuanjundangweihepengdehuaitongzhidelingdaoxiajinxingleyigezhengniandeyingyongfendou,qudelehendadeshengli,biaoshixinweiyuweilao。muqianderenwu,shiyongyiqienulizhengquzuihoushengli。muqianguoneiqingkuanghenhao,quandangjiquanguorenminreliezhiyuannimen。guojixingshiyeyubbshixunyouli,direnkunnanshenduo。bbshixunyeyoukunnan,youxieshihendadekunnan,danshikenengkefude。zhiyaotongzhimenjixunuli,binghechaoxiantongzhishizhongtuanjieyizhi,zuihoushenglishikeyiqudede。”keyikandechu,maozedongshidaizheshenhoudeganqingxiezheifengdianbaode。tadaibiaojiwanwanzhongguorenminjizijizuikeaideren——zhongguorenminzhiyuanjunsonglailewennuanheguwu,zheiwennuanheguwujiangzhuanhuachengweijudadewuzhililiang。  

    shishizongshiyumeiguodangquanzhedeyuanwangxiangfan。tamendexiajigongshiheqiujigongshi,doubeizhongchaojunduisuofensui。10yue23ri,maozedongzaizhuangyandequanguozhengxieyijiesancihuiyishang,xiangmeiguozhengfu,xiangquanshijiezhengzhongshengming: “kangmeiyuanchaodeweidadouzhengxianzaihaizaijixujinxing,bingqiebixujixujinxingdaomeiguozhengfuyuanyihepingjiejuedeshihouweizhi。bbshixunbuyaoquqinfanrenheguojia,bbshixunzhishifanduidiguozhuyizheduiyubbshixunguodeqinlve。”“bbshixundedirenrenwei: xinshengdezhonghuarenmingongheguomianqianbaizhezhongzhongdekunnan,tamenyouyongqinlvezhanzhenglaifanduibbshixun,bbshixunmeiyoukenengkefuzijidekunnan,meiyoukenengfanjiqinlvezhe。chuyudirendeyiliaozhiwai,bbshixunjurannenggoukefuzijidekunnan,jurannenggoufanjiqinlvezhe,binghuodeweidadeshengli。bbshixundedirenyanguangduanqian,tamenkanbudaobbshixunzheizhongguoneiguojiweidatuanjiedeliliang,tamenkanbudaoyouwaiguodiguozhuyiqifuzhongguorenmindeshidai,yiyouzhonghuarenmingongheguodechenglieryongyuanxuangaojieshule。”  

    tanpanguochengzhong,chaozhongfangmiandemeiyixiangtian,douyaozaodao“lianheguojun”daibiaodefandui。shuangfangzaitanpanzhuoqiandechunqiangshejian,qijiliechengdubuyayuzhanchangshangdedaoguangjianying。maozedongzaizhouenlaideyoulixiezhuxia,wencaojunshidouzhenghezhengzhidouzhengdezhudongquan。zaiwendoufangmian,bbshixunfangyouli。zaiwudoufangmian,bbshixunfangyiyoubanfayituojiangudezhendi,yikouyikoudichidiaodiren,jishaochengduo,qudeshengli。yiwenyiwu,jinmipeihe,zaiyiciyouyicidefanfujiaoliangzhong,poshi“lianheguojun”jiufan,dachengxieyi。 

    1952niandi,gangdangxuanmeiguozongtongdeaisenhaoweierdaochaoxianqianxianshicha,qizhuyaomudebushicujinhetanershixiangcongjiangjuzhongzhaodaoniuzhuanzhanjudebanfa。zhongzhongjixiangbiaoming,meiguoyoukenengzai1953nianchufadongdaguimogongshi,yijieshuchaoxianzhanzheng。dangfajuedirenyinmoucehuajunshijingongshi,maozedongxunjizuochuqianglieerxunsudefanying,shexiangzuihuaideqingkuangzuohaozuichongfendezhunbei,tongshibiaomingjiandinglichang,yiyoulideyulunpeihe,jieludirendeyinmou。zaitadezhidaoxia,zuizhongshimeijundengluzuozhandemaoxianguiyushibai。  

    12yue20ri,maozedongweizhonggongzhongyangqicaobingzhengshixiadaleguanyuzhunbeiyiqiebiyaotiaojianjianjuefensuidirendenglumaoxiandezhishi。zhishizaizuihouzhichu: “meidiguozhuyicaiyonglehenduobanfahebbshixundouzheng,meiyouyiyangbuzaodaoshibai。xianzaishengxiacongbbshixuncehoumaoxianzhongdengludeyishou,taxiangyongzheiyishoulaidajibbshixun。zhiyaobbshixunnengbatazheiyishoudaxiaqu,shitademaoxianguiyushibai,tadezuihoushibaidejumianjiuquedingxialaile。zhongyangjianjuexiangxinbbshixunzhiyuanjunxietongchaoxianrenminjunshinenggoufensuidirendemaoxianjihuade。”  

    1953nian2yue,meiguodejunshimaoxianhuodongyouyouxindeshengji,aisenhaoweierxuanbuquxiaotaiwanhaixia“zhonglihua”,zuochu“fangjiangchulong”yipeihemeijunzaichaoxiandejunshimaoxiandezitai。tahaishuofucanjia“lianheguojun”de16guodaibiao,zhichiduizhongguoshixingfengsuo。duici,maozedongdaibiaozhongguozhengfubiaomingleyanzhenglichang。tazai2yue7riquanguozhengxieyijiesicihuiyishangshuo: “bbshixunshiyaohepingde。danshi,zhiyaomeidiguozhuyiyitianbufangqitaneizhongmanhengwulideyaoqiuhekuodaqinlvedeyinmou,zhongguorenmindejuexinjiushizhiyoutongchaoxianrenminyiqi,yizhizhandouxiaqu。zheibushiyinweibbshixunhaozhan,bbshixunyuanyilijitingzhan,shengxiadewentidaijianglaiqujiejue。danmeidiguozhuyibuyuanyizheiyangzuo,neimehaoba,jiudaxiaqu,meidiguozhuyiyuanyidaduoshaonian,bbshixunyejiuzhunbeigentadaduoshaonian,yizhidadaomeidiguozhuyiyuanyibashoudeshihouweizhi,yizhidadaozhongchaorenminwanquanshenglideshihouweizhi。”maozedongdejianghua,xiangqitutingerzouxiandemeiguozhengfufachuleyanzhongjinggao,jiyoufenliangyoucongrongbupo。  

    zaimaozedongdejutierzhoumidezhidaoxia,yichangdaguimodefandengluzuozhandezhunbeigongzuo,yezaizhengfenduomiaodijiajinjinxing。dao1953nian4yuedi,gexiangzhunbeigongzuoquanbuwancheng。zaigefangmiandeyalixia,meiguobudebuzhongxinhuidaotanpanzhuoqianxunqiubaituokunjingdebanfa。  

    maozedongzuoweiguojiadezuigaolingdaorenhejunduidezuigaotongshuai,yueshiqudezhongdashengli,yueshibaochiqingxingdetounao。zheishishifenkeguide。tameiyouyintingzhantanpandehuifuerfangsongjingti,shizhongzhuazhueryouqiaomiaolinghuodishiyongtanyuda、zhengzhidouzhenghejunshidouzhengzheiliangshou,shuangguanqixia,huxiangpeihe,zhenfengxiangdui,haobufangsong。  

    4yuezhongxun,maozedongxiangdenghuatichutanpanqijianzhiyuanjunxingdongdezhidaofangzhen。ji“zhengquting、zhunbeituo。erjunduifangmianzeyingzuotuodedasuan,zhiguanda,buguantan,buyaosongdong,yiqierenganyuanjihuajinxing”。yidacutan,zhiyuanjuntiqianfaqilexiajifanjizuozhan。duinanchaoxianfangmiangongranpohuaixieyidexingwei,guoduandizuochujiqichenzhongdajidejuece。  

    1953nian7yue27ri,chaoxiantingzhanxiedingqianzi,chaoxianzhanzhengjieshu。maozedongrengranmeifangsongjingti。zaichaoxiantingzhanxiedingqianzideliangtianqian,maozedongjiuxiangzhongguorenminzhiyuanjunquantizhihuiyuanzhishishuo: “xiwangquanjunzhizhanyuanfangzhijiaoao,zaitingzhanxiedingqianzibingshengxiaoyihou,rengyingtigaojingti,yimianzijiyangezunshouxieding,yimianfangzhidirenkenengzuochupohuaidetiaoxin。”9yue,maozedongzaizhongyangrenminzhengfuweiyuanhuidi24cihuiyishang,duikangmeiyuanchaozuolezongjie。tazaijianghuazhongzuihoushuodao: “diguozhuyiqinlvezheyingdangdongde: xianzaizhongguorenminyijingzuzhiqilaile,shirebudede。ruguorefanle,shibuhaobande。”

    lishijin3niandekangmeiyuanchaozhong,fashenglehenduolingrennanwangdezhenshigushi,youdebeizhuangyingyong,youdelingrenxinwei。jinjujigelizi。  

    diercizhanyiqijian,fashengleyijianrangrenbeitongdeshiqing。maozedongdeerzimaoanyingzaichaoxianzhanchangshangyingyongxisheng,heqianwangezhiyuanjunlieshiyiyang,zhangmianyuchaoxian,chengweizhongchaorenminyouyidexiangzheng。maoanyingshijingguomaozedongtongyi,suizhiyuanjunzongburuchaozuozhande,danrenzhiyuanjunsilingbudeewenfanyihejiyaogongzuo。maozedongzaitashenshangqingzhuzheshenhoudefuai,jituozhehouwang。maozedongcongbubamaoanyingkanchengzhishuyutazijide,ershishuyudang,shuyurenmin,tayingdangbaoxiaozuguo。1950nian11yue25ri,sanjiameib-29xinghongzhajicongzhiyuanjunsilingbuzhudishangkonglveguo。zuolefangkongzhunbeiderenmensongleyikouqi。buliao,dijiturandiaozhuantou,xiangzhiyuanjunsilingbuzhuditouxialejishigeningguqiyoudan,zuozhanshibeitunmeizaiyipianhuohaizhong,zhengzaiwuneizhibandemaoanyingxianchulenianqingdeshengming。pengdehuaizaidangtianxiangzhongyangjunweizhuanmenzuolehuibao,duanduandedianwen,jingxieleyigezhongtou。dianbaodaolezhouenlaishouzhong。zhouenlaishenzhizheiduimaozedongdedajihuiyouduoda,buyuanzaizhihuizhanyidejinzhangshikequfentadexin,bianbadianbaozanshigexia。zhidao1951nianyuandanguohou,1yue2ri,tacaibadianbaosongjimaozedongkan,bingfuxinshuo,“maoanyingdexishengshiguangrongde。dangshiyinnimendouzaiganmaozhong,weijiangcidiansongyue”。xinhedianbaodoubuzhang,maozedongquekanlehenjiuhenjiu。maozedongqiangyazhebeitongdexinqing,shuoleyijuhua: “ai!zhanzhengma,zongyaoyoushangwang。”  

    pengdehuaihoulaixiangmaozedongxiangxihuibaolemaoanyingxishengdejingguo,yineijiudexinqingzuojiantao。maozedongtingba,yishichenmowuyu。wangzheneixinbuandepengdehuai,takuanweishuo: “dazhangzongshiyaosirendema!zhiyuanjunyijingxianchuleneimeduozhizhanyuandeshengming。anyingshiyigeputongdezhanshi,buyaoyinweishibbshixundeerzi,jiudangchengyijiandashi。xianzaimeiguozaichaoxianzhanchangshangshiyonggezhongfeijiyueyiqianduojia,nimenqianwanbunengshuhudayi,yaocaiquyiqiecuoshibaozhengsilingbudeanquan。”  

    haiyoujiushijushiwenmingdeshangganlingzhanyi,shimeijunzaicirenshidaozhongguorenminzhiyuanjunqiangdadegongfangnengli。1952nian5yue,chaoxiantingzhantanpanqudelezhongyaojinzhan,zhishengxiaguanyuzhanfuanpaidewentimeiyoujiejue。zaizhiyuanjunquanxianxingzhanshufanjiqijian,meiguoweiniuzhuanzhanchangshangdebeidongjumian,mouqutanpanzhongdeyoulidiwei,cong10yue14riqi,zaishangganlingdiqufadonglekongqianjiliede“jinhuagongshi”。zhiyuanjunzaizhangda43tiandeshangganlingzhanyizhong,dadeyingyongwanqiang,fensuilemeijundegongshi。direndongyongleyiqiexiandaihuadejunshishouduan,duizhiyuanjunzhendilunfangongji。zailiangzuogaodihefujindiqu,dijunqingxiele190wanfapaodanhe5000yumeizhadan,tourudezongbingliyue4wanyuren。liangzuogaodidetushibeizhasongyizhiliangmi,bianchengyipianjiaotu。juyougaoangshiqihefuyouchuangzaojingshendezhiyuanjunjiangshi,xianzaidibiaozhendiyudirenfanfuzhengduo,zhongchuangdijun。houyouzhuanrukengdaozuozhan,jixuliliang,faqiquanxianfanji,zhi11yue25ri,shoufuquanbushidi。zhongbufangxianwenrutaishan,jingshouzhuleyouyiciyanjundekaoyan。meijuncongcizaiyemeiyoushenmexiangyangdegongshi。meiguoxinwenjiepinglunshuo: “zheicizhanyishijishangquebianchenglechaoxianzhanzhengzhongde‘fanerdeng’。”  

    zaijiushi,dangnianjuecechubingshi,renmenzuidadeyilvzhiyi,jiushidanxinyingxiangjingjidehuifu,pabeizhangqidezhanzhengtuokua。maozedongduizheichangzhanzhengjiyuguoneibbshixunkenengzaochengdegezhongbuliyingxiang,zuolechongfenguji,bingzuolezuihuaidedasuan。zhidao1951nianshangbannian,tahaiduinengfoujingshoudezhuchaoxianzhanzhengzhangqihua、meiguoqituyubbshixundaxiaohaozhandekaoyan,biaoshiguodanyou。ranershijianzhengming,zaimaozedonghezhonggongzhongyangdezhengquelingdaoxia,kangmeiyuanchaozhanzhengjidadijifalequanguoyiwanrenmindeaiguoreqinghejitizhuyijingshen,guoneigexiangbbshixunshiyekuaisufazhan,shixianle“bianda、bianwen、bianjian”dezhanlvefangzhen。zheishirenmenyuanxianmeiyougujidaode,yexubaokuomaozedongzainei。zhongguogongchandanghequanguorenminduiyuyingdezheichangzhanzhenggengjiachongmanxinxin。  

    kangmeiyuanchaozhanzheng,shimaozedongyishengzuiweijiannandeyicijuece,tongshiyoushimaozedongjunshiyishu、guojizhanlvenaizhizhiguofanglvezhongdejuemiaozhibi。kangmeiyuanchaozhichu,zhongguorenminzhiyuanjunnengbunengdabaiyimeiguoweishoude“lianheguojun”,aihaohepingderenmendouniezheyibahan。kangmeiyuanchaozhanzhengdeshengli,dapolemeiguojunduibukezhanshengdeshenhua,shiquanshijiederenmenbaokuozhongguodedirenhepengyou,duixinzhongguodouguamuxiangkan。yigeganggangcongzhanzhengfeixuzhongzouchulaidexinzhongguo,jingjihaineimekunnan,junduizhuangbeiyouhenluohou,jurannengbashijieyiliuqiangguo、juyouxiandaihuazhuangbeidemeiguojunduidabai,zheibushiqijima?zhongguorenminzhiyuanjunbukuiweizhonghuaminzuzuiyouxiudeernv,tamenjianfuzhezuguorenmindezhongtuo,bufuchaoxianrenminheshijieyiqieaihaohepingrenmindeqiwang,wanchengle“baoweizhongguo,zhiyuanchaoxian”delishishiming。quanzhongguorenminconglaimeiyouxiangzheiyangwanzhongyixin、yiqifengfa、douzhiangyang,guoquneizhongyipansanshadejumianyiqubufufanle。kangmeiyuanchaozhanzhengdeshengli,shibbshixunguodejingjibbshixunhuodeleyoulideguojihepinghuanjing。zheiduiyuzhangqichuyuzhanluandezhongguorenminlaishuo,shijiqibaoguide。(zuozhexiyuanzhongyangwenxianyanjiushizhuren)

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