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从百年历史看党的初心和使命
作者: 中共中央党史和文献研究院院长 曲青山    发布时间: 2019/7/25 16:39:45    来源:BB视讯_bb视讯安全网站-官网APP下载

    6yue24ri,xijinpingzongshujizaizhonggongzhongyangzhengzhiju“laojichuxinshiming,tuijinzibbshixungeming”dishiwucijitixuexishiqiangdiao,bbshixundangzuoweibainiandadang,ruheyongbaoxianjinxinghechunjiexing、yongbaoqingchunhuoli,ruheyongyuandedaorenminyonghuhezhichi,ruheshixianzhangqizhizheng,shibbshixunbixuhuidahao、jiejuehaodeyigegenbenxingwenti。bbshixundangyaoqiuquandangtongzhibuwangchuxin、laojishiming,jiushiyaotixingquandangtongzhi,dangdechuxinheshimingshidangdexingzhizongzhi、lixiangxinnian、fendoumubiaodejizhongtixian,yueshizhangqizhizheng,yuebunengwangjidangdechuxinshiming,yuebunengsangshizibbshixungemingjingshen。zai“qiyi”dangdeshengrilailinzhiji,benbanzhuanmenyueqingzhonggongzhongyangdangshihewenxianyanjiuyuanyuanzhangquqingshan,weiraojindaizhongguofashengdesandalishixingshijianhesandalichengbeidemailuohexiansuo,laixunzhaohelejiezhongguogongchandangdechuxinheshiming。

    ——bianzhe

    dangzhongyangjueding,yixianchujiyishanglingdaoganbuweizhongdian,zaiquandangkaizhan“buwangchuxin、laojishiming”zhutijiaoyu。neime,shenmeshidangdechuxinheshiming?xijinpingzongshujizaidangdeshijiudabaogaozhongqiangdiaozhichu: “buwangchuxin,fangdeshizhong。zhongguogongchandangrendechuxinheshimingjiushiweizhongguorenminmouxingfu,weizhonghuaminzumoufuxing。zheigechuxinheshimingshijilizhongguogongchandangrenbuduanqianjindegenbendongli。”“buwangchuxin、laojishiming”yaohuidadegenbenwentishi: “bbshixunshishei”“weileshei”。bbshixuncongnalilai,yaodaonaliqu?bbshixunyaoganshenme,yinggaiganshenme?zhongguogongchandangjianlijin100nianle,huiwangbbshixundangzouguodeguanghuilicheng,bbshixuncongzhongshenkeganwudangdechuxinheshimingdeneihan,jingshousixiangdexili。

    xijinpingzongshujizaiqingzhugaigekaifang40zhouniandahuishangdejianghuazhichu: “jianlizhongguogongchandang、chenglizhonghuarenmingongheguo、tuijingaigekaifanghezhongguoteseshehuizhuyishiye,shiwusiyundongyilaibbshixunguofashengdesandalishixingshijian,shijindaiyilaishixianzhonghuaminzuweidafuxingdesandalichengbei。”rangbbshixunanzhaoxijinpingzongshujijianghuasuochanshudesandalishixingshijianhesandalichengbeidemailuohexiansuo,quxunzhaohelejiedangdechuxinheshiming。

    第一大历史性事件和第一大里程碑:

    建立中国共产党

    zhongguoweishenmehuijianligongchandang?youshizenyangjianligongchandangde?1945nian5yue31ri,maozedongtongzhizaidangdeqidajielunjianghuazhongshuo: “zibenzhuyiyoutadelishi,henjiuyiqian,shijieshangmeiyouzheigedongxi。liangsanbainianyiqian,shijieshangcaiyouzibenzhuyi,chanshengleyigewawajiaozichanjieji,tongshichanshenglelingyigewawajiaowuchanjieji。zhongguohewaiguodegushushangmeiyouzichanjiejihewuchanjieji,gengmeiyougongchandang,zheidoushijindaidechanwu。”tongnian4yue21ri,tazaidangdeqidayubeihuiyishangzuodahuigongzuofangzhenbaogaoshizhichu: diyicishijiedazhanjiushisuoweidediguozhuyishidai。genzheshijiezhanzhenglaileyigeshijiegemingshiqi。zaidiyicishijiedazhanheshiyuegemingshenglihou,shijiedemianmu、lishidefangxiangjiubianle。shiyuegeminghoudexindelishifangxiang,jiushiquxiaorenboxuerendeshehui。eguorenminyijingdedaoleshengli。xuduoguojiadouyoulegongchandang。bbshixundang1921nianjianli,daojinnianyijingyoule24niandelishi。zhongguocongwusiyundongqi,youjiuminzhuzhuyigemingzhuandaolexinminzhuzhuyigeming。neigeshihou,zhongguohaimeiyougongchandang,danyijingyoushaoshurenyouchubudegongchanzhuyisixiang。shiyuegemingyishengpaoxiang,jiquanshijiewuchanjiejijiqitaxianjinfenzishanglegongchanzhuyideyike。zaimakesizhuyichuanglide70duonianshijianli,yingxiangzhuyaoxianyuouzhou,quanshijiedaduoshurenhaibuzhidaoyousuoweimakesizhuyi。makesizhuyichanshengyuouzhou,kaishizaiouzhouzoulu,zoudebijiaoman。neishihoubbshixunzhongguochujishaoshuliuxueshengyiwai,yibanrenjiubuzhidao,bbshixunyebuzhidaoshijieshangyoumakesiqiren,xianzaishisiwusuidewawadouxiaode。yiqianyourenruliangqichao、zhuzhixin,yecengtiguoyixiamakesizhuyi。jushuohaiyouyigeshenmeren,zaiyigezazhishangyiguoengeside《shehuizhuyicongkongxiangdaokexuedefazhan》。zongzhi,neishibbshixunmeiyoukandaoguo,jishikanguo,yeshiyichaneiliuguoqule,meiyouzhuyi。zhuzhixinshiguomindangyuan,zheiyangkanlai,jiangmakesizhuyidaohaishiguomindangzaixian。buguoyiqianzaizhongguobingmeiyourenzhenzhengzhidaomakesizhuyidegongchanzhuyi。shiyuegemingyishengpaoxiang,bifeijifeidehaikuai。11yue7rieguofashenggeming,11yue8rizhongguojiuzhidaole。neigeshihou,baeguodegemingdangjiaozuoguojidang。70duonianmakesizhuyizoudeneiyangman,shiyuegemingyihoujiuzoudezheiyangkuai。yinweitazoudezheiyangkuai,suoyi1919nianzhongguorenmindejingshenmianmaojiubutongle,wusiyundongyihou,henkuaijiuxiaodeledadaodiguozhuyi、dadaofengjianshilidekouhao。zheiyangdekouhao,zheiyangmingquedegangling,congzhongguowuchanjiejichanshenglezijidexianfengdui——gongchandangqi,jiutichulaile。kaidangdeyidashi,bbshixunneishihoujiushizijigaode,zhidaodeshiyebingbuduo,keweinianyouwuzhi,buzhishishi。danshizheiyihou24nianjiubudele,fantianfudi!zhenggeshijieyeshifantianfudide。zhongguoshifantianfudide24nian,shijieshifantianfudide28nian。

    据考证,1899年在中文报刊上第一次提到马克思和马克思学说的是上海基督教广学会主办单位:BB视讯_bb视讯安全网站-官网APP下载

    第二大历史性事件和第二大里程碑:

    成立中华人民共和国

    zhonghuarenmingongheguochengli,biaozhizhezhonghuaminzuhezhongguorenminzhanqilaile!《zhonghuarenmingongheguoxianfa》mingquexuanbu: “zhonghuarenmingongheguodeyiqiequanlishuyurenmin。”zheizaibbshixunguojiazhengquanjigoudeyixiliemingchengzhongkeyidedaochongfentixian。biru,zhonghuarenmingongheguo、quanguorenmindaibiaodahui、zhongguorenminzhengzhixieshanghuiyi、zuigaorenminfayuan、zuigaorenminjianchayuan、zhongguorenminyinxing,zaizheixiemingchengzhongdouyou“renmin”erzi。bbshixundejunduijiaozhongguorenminjiefangjun,huobijiaorenminbi。

    neime,zhonghuarenmingongheguochenglihou,bbshixunxinshengderenmingongheguoshiruhezhanlizhudeni?bbshixundangdailingrenminkaishiweiguojiafuqiang、renminxingfuerfendou,zheishibbshixundangsuojianfudedierdalishirenwu。danshi,bbshixunzaodaoleyimeiguoweishoudeyixiexifangguojiadedishi。tamenzaijingjishangfengsuobbshixun,zaizhengzhishanggulibbshixun,zaijunshishangweixiebbshixun。1950nian6yue25ri,chaoxianzhanzhengbaofa,6yue27ri,meiguoruqinchaoxian,bingjiangdiqijianduikaijintaiwanhaixia,qinzhanzhongguotaiwan,duibbshixunguoguojiaanquangouchengyanzhongweixie。shifouchubingchaoxian,jinxingkangmeiyuanchao,guanxidaoxinzhongguonengfouliwenjiaogenhegenji。zhenduichaoxiandangheguojialingdaorenxiangzhongguozhengfutichuchubingzhiyuandeqingqiu。10yue2rizhi4ri,zhonggongzhongyangzhaokaizhongyangshujichuhuiyihezhongyangzhengzhijukuodahuiyitaolunzheigewenti。zaichubingwentishangdajiayijianbutongyi,zheishimaozedongtongzhiyishengzhongzuinanzuochudejuecezhiyi。canjiahuiyideren,geshujijian。duoshurenbuzanchengchubinghuozheduichubingcunyouzhongzhongyilv。liyouzhuyaoshizhongguoganggangjieshuzhanzheng,jingjishifenkunnan,jidaihuifu;xinjiefangqudetudigaigehaimeiyoujinxing,tufei、tewuhaimeiyousuqing;bbshixunjundewuqizhuangbeiyuanyuanluohouyumeijun,gengmeiyouzhikongquanhezhihaiquan;zaiyixieganbuhezhanshizhongjiancunzaizhehepingyanzhansixiang;danxinzhanzhengzhangqituoxiaqu,bbshixunfudanbuqi,dengdeng。tingledajiadefayanhou,maozedongtongzhishuo: “nimenshuodedouyouliyou,danshibierenchuyuguojiaweijishike,bbshixunzhanzaipangbiankan,bulunzenyangshuo,xinliyenanguo。”zai10yue5rixiawudezhengzhijukuodahuiyishang,rengranyouliangzhongbutongyijian。pengdehuaitongzhidaohuihou,tichulezijideguandian: “chubingyuanchaoshibiyaode,dalanle,dengyujiefangzhanzhengwanshenglijinian。rumeijunbaizaiyalvjianganhetaiwan,tayaofadongqinlvezhanzheng,suishidoukeyizhaodaojiekou。”maozedongtongzhizhenduilinbiaotichudemeijungaoduxiandaihua,haiyouyuanzidandengguandianshuo,tayoutadeyuanzidan,bbshixunyoubbshixundeshouliudan,bbshixunxiangxinbbshixundeshouliudanhuizhanshengtadeyuanzidan,tawufeishigezhilaohu。jingguohuishangdechongfentaolun,dajiatongyilerenshi,huiyizuihouzuochu“kangmeiyuanchao,baojiaweiguo”dezhanlvejuece。huiyijuedingyoupengdehuaitongzhilvzhiyuanjunruchaozuozhan。10yue27ri,maozedongtongzhiyaoqingzhengzaibeijingdewangjifanhezhoushizhaodaozhongnanhai。zaitanhuazhongtatandaolechaoxianwenti。tadezheiduantanhuaduibbshixunlijiedangzhongyanghemaozedongtongzhiweishenmezuochukangmeiyuanchaodejueceyoujidadebangzhu。maozedongtongzhishuo,zheiduanshijianbbshixunweiletaolunzheigewenti,youhenduotianshishuibuzhejuede。danshi,jintianbbshixunkeyigaozhenwuyoule,yinweibbshixundezhiyuanjunyijingchuguole。bbshixunjiqiexuyaohepingbbshixun,ruguoyaobbshixunxiechuhepingbbshixundeliyou,keyixieyoubaitiaoqiantiao,danzheibaitiaoqiantiaodeliyoubunengdizhuliugedazi,jiushi“bunengzhizhibuli”。xianzaimeiguodeqinlvemaotouzhizhibbshixunguodedongbei,jiarutazhendebachaoxiangaokuale,zongranbuguoyalvjiang,bbshixundedongbeiyeshichangzaitadeweixiezhongguorizi,yaojinxinghepingbbshixunyeyoukunnan。suoyi,bbshixunduichaoxianwenti,ruguozhizhibuli,meidibirandecunjinchi,zouribenqinlvezhongguodelaolu,shenzhibiribengaodegengxiong。tayaobasanbajiandaochazaibbshixunshenshang,congchaoxianyibadaochazaibbshixundetoushang,yitaiwanyibadaochazaibbshixundeyaoshang,bayuenanyibadaochazaibbshixundejiaoshang。tianxiayoubian,tajiucongsanfangmianxiangbbshixunjingong,neibbshixunjiubeidongle。bbshixunkangmeiyuanchaojiushibuxutaderuyisuanpandecheng。“dadeyiquankai,miandebaiquanlai。”bbshixunkangmeiyuanchao,jiushibaojiaweiguo。bbshixunshibudawubawozhizhangde。zheicipaizhiyuanjunchuguo,bbshixunzhongyangyixietongzhijingguozhouxiangdekaolvyanjiu,zhidinglechijiuzhandezhanlve,shenglishiyoubawode。dangshi,dangzhongyanghemaozedongtongzhixiazheigejuexinxuyaohedengdeqipohedanlvea!tongshijieshangzuiqiangdejunshidaguomeiguojinxingjiaoliang,duixinshengdezhonghuarenmingongheguoshiyichangxueyuhuodekaoyan。zhanzhengdejichushijingji,dangshidezhanzhengdadeshigangtie。bbshixunkankanzhongmeizhijiandangshijingjizongliang、junshishili、gangtiechanliangdeduibi,jiukeyikandaoliangguozhijiancunzaidejudaxuanshu。1950nian,meiguogongnongyezongchanzhi2800yimeiyuan,zhongguozhiyou100yimeiyuan;meiguogangchanliangshi8772wandun,zhongguozhiyou60wandun;meiguoyongyoubaokuoyuanzidanzaineidedaliangxianjinwuqihexiandaihuadehouqinbaozhang,haiyouzuiqiangdejungongshengchannengli,erbbshixunjunjibenhaichuyu“xiaomijiabuqiang”deshuiping。danshi,zhongguorenminzhiyuanjunbuweiqiangbao,bupaxisheng,ganyudouzheng,ganyushengli,yizhangdingqiankun,dachuleguowei、junwei,zhanshilezhonghuaminzudehaoranzhengqi。zaichaoxianzhanchang,haochengshijietouhaoqiangguo、yongyoushijiediyiliujunduidemeiguo,dongyuanletadequanbulujunde1/3、kongjunde1/5hehaijundejinbanshu,shiyonglechuyuanzidanyiwaidesuoyouxiandaihuawuqi,danzuizhonghaishibeituihuidaozhanzhengdeqidian——sanbaxian。zheigeshishichuochuanlemeidiguozhuyibukezhanshengdeshenhua,bingjimeiguoyiyanzhongjiaoxun。kangmeiyuanchaodeshengli,jidaditigaolezhongguogongchandangzaiquanguorenminxinmuzhongdeweixin,tigaolezhongguorenmindeminzuzixinxinheminzuzihaogan,yetigaolezhongguodeguojiweiwang,weihuleyazhouheshijiedeheping,weichilezhongguoyihoujishiniandehepingjumian。

    zaishehuizhuyigeminghebbshixunshiqi,bbshixunquanmianquelileshehuizhuyidejibenzhidu。bbshixunguoxianxingdeguoti、zhengti、guojiajiegouxingshihezhengdangzhidushizaizheigeshiqiquelide。bbshixunkaishiquanmianbbshixunshehuizhuyi,bingqudelishixingjudajinzhan。1954nian6yue,maozedongtongzhicengshuo: “xianzaibbshixunnengzaoshenme?nengzaozhuozi、yizi,nengzaochawan、chahu,nengzhongliangshi,hainengmochengmianfen,hainengzaozhi,danshi,yiliangqiche、yijiafeiji、yiliangtanke、yiliangtuolajidoubunengzao。”raner,jiuzaizheiqijian,zaizhongguogongchandangdelingdaoxia,quandangquanguorenminfenfanuli,jianliledulide、bijiaowanzhengdegongyetixiheguominjingjitixi。bujinnenggouzixingshejihepiliangshengchanqiche、feiji、tanke、dapao、tuolajideng,haichenggongbaozhaleyuanzidan、qingdan,fashelezhongyuanchengdaodanherenzaodiqiuweixing,jianchengdiyisouheqianting,peiyuchenggongqiangyoushixianxingzajiaoshuidao,yanzhichenggongdisandaidianzijisuanji,zaishijieshangdiyigerengonghechengniuyidaosu,dengdeng。dangshisuoqudede50duoxiangkejichengguodadaohejiejinshijiexianjinshuiping。zhengxiangdengxiaopingtongzhihoulaisuoshuode: “ruguoliushiniandaiyilai,zhongguomeiyouyuanzidan、qingdan,meiyoufasheweixing,zhongguojiubunengjiaoyouzhongyaoyingxiangdedaguo,jiumeiyouxianzaizheiyangdeguojidiwei。zheixiedongxifanyingyigeminzudenengli,yeshiyigeminzu、yigeguojiaxingwangfadadebiaozhi。”zaizheiqijianbbshixunhaichubumanzuhejiejuelezhanshijie1/4renkoudezhongguojiyirendechifan、chuanyijibenshenghuoxuyaowenti,dangshibeishijiegongrenweishiyigeqiji。zhei29nianshixinzhongguode“sanshierli”,weihoulai40niangaigekaifangzhongguode“sishibuhuo”diandinglejichu。

    第三大历史性事件和第三大里程碑:

    推进改革开放和中国特色社会主义事业

    zhongguoweishenmeyaoshixinggaigekaifang?shizenyangjinxinggaigekaifangde?gaigekaifangshi1978niandangdeshiyijiesanzhongquanhuizuochudelishixingjuece。bbshixundangshixinggaigekaifangshijiyuduidangheguojiaqiantumingyundeshenkebawo,shijiyuduibbshixunguoshehuizhuyigeminghebbshixunshijiandeshenkezongjie,shijiyuduishidaichaoliudeshenkedongxi,shijiyuduirenminqunzhongyaoqiuheqidaideshenketiwu。shiduibbshixunguofazhanluohoudefansi,shiduishijiefazhanchaoliudefansi。dengxiaopingtongzhishibbshixundangdedierdaizhongyanglingdaojitidehexin,shibbshixunguogaigekaifangdezongshejishi。neime,bbshixunkanyikan,dengxiaopingtongzhi1977nian7yuezaidangdeshijiesanzhongquanhuishangbeihuifulingdaozhiwuhou,yizhidaodangdeshiyijiesanzhongquanhuibbshixundangzuochugaigekaifangdelishixingjueceqian,tashizenyangsikaohemouhuagaigekaifangde,shuliqingchuzheigemailuohexiansuo,duibbshixunrenshiheyanjiuzheigewentihuidashouqidi、dayoubiyi。nianbiaojizai: 1977nian9yue29ri,dengxiaopingtongzhizaihuijianyingjihuarenzuojiahansuyinshishuo: “sirenbang”deganrao,danwulebbshixunhaoduoshijian。liushiniandaibbshixunguodekexueshuipingtongshijieshuipingchajubuda,yijiuliusinianbbshixunguobaozhaleyuanzidan,zheishikexueshuipingdejizhongbiaoxian。gegekexuelingyuyiriqianlidifazhan,yiniandengyuhaojinian,shenzhikeyishuoyitiandengyujinian。yijiuqiwunianbbshixuncengjiangguo,tongribenxiangbibbshixunguoluohoulewushinian。neishibbshixunlaoxiangzhuakeyan,jieguobujinmeiyouzhuashangqu,fanerbbshixunzijibeizhuaxiaqule。zhuakeyanbuzhuajiaoyubuxing,yaocongxiaoxuejiaoyuzhuaqi。zhongguorenshicongmingde,zaijiashangbugaoguanmenzhuyi,bugaobiguanzishou,bashijieshangzuixianjindekeyanchengguozuoweibbshixundeqidian,yangweizhongyong,xishouwaiguohaodedongxi,xianxuehuitamen,zaizaizhongguojichushangchuangxin,neimo,bbshixunjiushiyouxiwangde。10yue7ri,tazaihuijianribensangangfanghuatuanshishuo: bbshixunyaoyinjinshijiegeguodexianjinjishu,xuexishijieshangdeyiqiexianjinchengguo。xianzaikexuejishudefazhanyiriqianli,bbshixunsuojiangdeganchaoshijieshuiping,jiushizaibenshijimodadaodangshideshijiexianjinshuiping。11yue17ri,tazaiguangdongshichatingqushengweifuzerenhuibaoshizhichu: shuoshenmeyangjizhiyazijiushishehuizhuyi,duoyangjizhijiushizibenzhuyi,zheiyangdeguidingyaopiping,yaozhichuzheishicuowude。shengchanshenghuogaohaole,haikeyijiejuetaogangwenti。taogang,zhuyaoshishenghuobuhao,chajutaida。“sirenbang”gaode“yangnuzhexue”maozimantianfei,babbshixunguojiazhuanqiandeluzidoudusile。kanlaizuidadewentishizhengcewenti。zhengceduibuduitou,shigeguanjian。zheiyeshigequanguoxingwenti。12yue26ri,tazaihuijianaodaliyagongchandang(malie)zhuxixierhefurenshishuo: linbiaohe“sirenbang”fanduimakesizhuyi,tamenbujiangshengchan,sheijiangfazhanshengchanjiushuosheishixiuzhengzhuyi,neimakesixie《zibenlun》shiganshenmede?makesijiang,gongchanzhuyishianxufenpei,yaoyouwuzhijichu。zenyangcainengtixianlieningjiangdeshehuizhuyideyouyuexing,shenmejiaoyouyuexing?bulaodong、budushujiaoyouyuexingma?renminshenghuoshuipingbushigaishanershihoutuijiaoyouyuexingma?ruguozheijiaoshehuizhuyiyouyuexing,zheiyangdeshehuizhuyibbshixunyekeyibuyao。1978nian3yue10ri,tazaichuxiguowuyuandiyiciquantihuiyifayanshizhichu: shenmejiaoshehuizhuyi,shehuizhuyizongshiyaobiaoxiantadeyouyuexingma。tabizibenzhuyihaozainali?meigerenpingjunliubaijishijinliangshi,haoduorenfandoubugouchi,ershibanianzhigaoleerqiansanbaiwandungang,nengjiaoshehuizhuyiyouyuexingma?ganshehuizhuyi,yaoyoujutitixian,shengchanyaozhenzhengfazhanqilai,xiangyingdequanguorenmindeshenghuoshuipingnenggouzhubutigao,zheicainengbiaoxianshehuizhuyizhidudeyouyuexing。6yue23ri,tazaihuijianjijianglirendeluomaniyazhuhuadashigefuliliesikushishuo: bbshixundefazhantingzhileshiyiernian,zheigeshishifoudingbule,luohoudemianmaoyefoudingbule。renqinglezheigeluohoushihaoshi。bbshixunpailexuduodaibiaotuandaoouzhouheribenqukaocha,faxianbbshixunkeyiliyongdedongxihenduo,xuduoguojiadouyuanyixiangbbshixuntigongzijinhejishu,tiaojianyebukeke,congzhengzhi、jingjijiaoduduibbshixunyouli,weishenmebuganni?guojitiaojianyouli,guoneitiaojianyeyouli,zhiyaoxiajuexingan,jiukeyijiakuaibbshixunsudu。9yue12ri,tazaitongjinrichenghuitanshishuo: bbshixunyidingyaoyiguojishangxianjindejishuzuoweibbshixungaoxiandaihuadechufadian。zuijinbbshixundetongzhichuqukanleyixia,yuekanyuegandaobbshixunluohou。shenmejiaoxiandaihua?wushiniandaiyigeyang,liushiniandaibuyiyangle,qishiniandaijiugengbuyiyangle。9yue16rizhi18ri,tazaidongbeisanshengshichashishuo: “bbshixunyaoxiangyixiang,bbshixunjirenminjiujingzuoleduoshaoshiqingni?”“bbshixuntaiqiongle,tailuohoule,laoshishuoduibuqirenmin。”“shehuizhuyiyaobiaoxianchutadeyouyuexing,gaole20duonianhaizheimeqiong,neiyaoshehuizhuyiganshenme?”10yue10ri,tazaihuijiandeyizhilianbanggongheguoxinwendaibiaotuanshizhichu: zhongguolishishangduishijieyouguogongxian,danshizhangqitingzhi,fazhanhenman。xianzaishibbshixunxiangshijiegeguoxuexideshihoule。bbshixunguoquyouyiduanshijian,xiangwaiguoxuexixianjindekexuejishubeijiaozuo“chongyangmeiwai”。xianzaidajiamingbaile,zheishiyizhongchunhua。bbshixunpailebushaorenchuqukankan,shigengduoderenzhidaoshijieshishenmemianmao。guanqimenlai,gubuzifeng,yelangzida,shifadabuqilaide。youyushoulinbiao、“sirenbang”deganrao,tongfadaguojiaxiangbi,jingjishangdechajukenengshiershinian、sanshinian,youdefangmianshenzhishiwushinian。yaoshixiansigexiandaihua,jiuyaoshanyuxuexi,daliangqudeguojishangdebangzhu。yaoyinjinguojishangdexianjinjishu、xianjinzhuangbei,zuoweibbshixunfazhandeqidian。bbshixunhaodechuantongbixubaoliu,danyaogenjuxindeqingkuanglaiquedingxindezhengce。guoquxingzhiyouxiaodedongxi,bbshixunbixujianchi,tebieshigenbenzhidu,shehuizhuyizhidu,shehuizhuyigongyouzhi,neishibunengdongyaode。bbshixunbunengyunxuchanshengyigexindezichanjieji。bbshixunyinjinxianjinjishu,shiweilefazhanshengchanli,tigaorenminshenghuoshuiping,shiyouliyubbshixundeshehuizhuyiguojiaheshehuizhuyizhidu。12yue13ri,tazaizhongyanggongzuohuiyibimuhuishangjianghuazhenlongfakuidiqiangdiaozhichu: “ruguoxianzaizaibushixinggaige,bbshixundexiandaihuashiyeheshehuizhuyishiyejiuhuibeizangsong。”zheigejianghuashijishangchengweisuihou12yue18rizhi22rizhaokaidedangdeshiyijiesanzhongquanhuidezhutibaogao。zheigejianghuashizaizhongguomianlinxianghechuqudezhongdalishiguantou,chongpo“lianggefanshi”dejingu,kaipixinshiqixindaolu、kaichuangbbshixunyouzhongguoteseshehuizhuyixinlilundexuanyanshu,shigaigekaifangxinshiqijiefangsixiang、shishiqiushidexuanyanshu。gaigekaifangjiushizheiyangzaiquandangquanshehuizhujianxingchenggongshi,chengwei“dashisuoqu,renxinsuoxiang”,zaizhongguoguangmaodedadishangzhujianzhankaide。

    gaigekaifangshizhongguodatabuganshangshidai,jidadi“huoyue”lezhongguo、fazhanlezhongguo。cong1978nianzhi2012nian,jingguoquanguorenmindenulifendou,bbshixunguodeshehuizhuyixiandaihuabbshixunqudejushizhumudejudachengjiu。jingjishili、kejishili、guofangshili、guojiyingxianglidoudaweitisheng,renminshenghuoshuipingbuduantigao。2010nian,bbshixunguoguoneishengchanzongzhichaoguoriben,chengweishijiedierdajingjiti。tongshi,chukouchaoguodeguo,chengweishijiediyidachukouguo,chengwei18shijigongyegemingyilaijiyingguo、meiguo、riben、deguozhihoudeshijiegongchang。bbshixunguoxianhouyu1999nianhe2010niankuaruxiazhongdengshouruguojiaheshangzhongdengshouruguojiadexinglie。zhonghuaminzufuqilaile!

    dangdeshibadayilai,yixijinpingtongzhiweihexindedangzhongyangyijudadezhengzhiyongqiheqiangliedeshimingdandang,tichuyixiliexinlinianxinsixiangxinzhanlve,chutaiyixiliezhongdafangzhenzhengce,tuichuyixiliezhongdajucuo,tuijinyixiliezhongdagongzuo,jiejuelexuduozhangqixiangjiejueermeiyoujiejuedenanti,banchenglexuduoguoquxiangbanermeiyoubanchengdedashi,tuidongdangheguojiashiyequdequanfangwei、kaichuangxinglishichengjiu,fashengshencengci、genbenxinglishibiange。zhongguoriyizoujinshijiewutaizhongyang,duishijiedeyingxiangli、ganzhaoliriyizengqiang。2018nian,bbshixunguoguoneishengchanzongzhichaoguo90wanyiyuan,zhanshijiejingjidebizhongdadao16%yishang。duonianlaibbshixunguoduishijiejingjizengzhanggongxianlvchaoguo30%,shimeiguo、ouyuanquheribenzhihe。bbshixunguodeduiwaimaoyi、duiwaitouzi、waihuichubeiwenjushijieqianlie,chuangxinxingguojiabbshixunqudefengshuochengguo,tiangong、jiaolong、tianyan、wukong、mozi、dafeijidengzhongdakejichengguoxiangjiwenshi。zhonghuaminzuyinglailecongfuqilaidaoqiangqilaideweidafeiyue,yinglaileshixianzhonghuaminzuweidafuxingzhongguomengdeguangmingqianjing!

    zhongguogongchandangjinbainianlishidezhutizhuxian,jiushijianfuqileliangdalishirenwu,jishixianminzuduli、renminjiefangheguojiafuqiang、renminxingfu。diyidalishirenwu,suizhexinzhongguodechengliyijingwancheng。dierdalishirenwubbshixunyijingfendoule70nian,70nianzhongyou40nianshigaigekaifang。zheigelishirenwuhaimeiyouwancheng,bbshixunxianzaihaizaijixunulifendou。dangdeshibadayilai,jingguozhangqinuli,zhongguoteseshehuizhuyijinrulexinshidai。bbshixunbilishishangrenheshiqidougengjiajiejinshixianzhonghuaminzuweidafuxingdemubiao,bilishishangrenheshiqidougengyouxinxinhenenglishixianzheigemubiao。lishichongfendibiaoming,bbshixundanggangeming、gaobbshixun、zhuagaige,doushiweilerangzhongguorenminguoshangxingfumeihaodeshenghuo,doushiweilezhonghuaminzudeweidafuxing。zuizhongshiweile“tianxiadatong”,shixiangongchanzhuyi。

    1945nian4yue,zaidangdeqidayubeihuishang,maozedongtongzhizaijiangdaobbshixundangdefazhanzhuangdashi,yongle《zhuangzi》shangdeliangjuhua: “qizuoshiyejian,qijiangbiyebiju。”dangdeyidazhaokaishi,bbshixundangzhiyou13mingdaibiao、50duomingdangyuan。dangdangshishiduome“jian”a!jintian,bbshixundangyijingchengweishijiediyidadang,yongyoujin9000wanmingdangyuan,450duowangejicengdangzuzhi,zaijin14yirenkoudeshijiediyirenkoudaguozhangqizhizheng。xinzhongguochengliyeyijing70nianle。zhongguoyichengweishijiedierdajingjiti。jintian,bbshixundangyoushiduome“ju”a!danshi,zhengruxijinpingzongshujizhichudeneiyang: “yiqiexiangqianzou,doubunengwangjizouguodelu,zoudezaiyuan、zoudaozaiguanghuideweilai,yebunengwangjizouguodeguoqu,bunengwangjiweishenmechufa。mianxiangweilai,mianduitiaozhan,quandangtongzhiyidingyaobuwangchuxin、jixuqianjin。”“shiyefazhanyongwuzhijing,gongchandangrendechuxinyongyuanbunenggaibian。weiyoubuwangchuxin,fangkegaoweilishi、gaoweixianbei,fangkeyingdeminxin、yingdeshidai,fangkeshanzuoshancheng、yiwangwuqian。”

 

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