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“守初心、担使命”的精神旗帜
作者: 中共中央党史和文献研究院副院长 吴德刚    发布时间: 2019/7/25 16:10:47    来源:BB视讯_bb视讯安全网站-官网APP下载

    2018nian5yue4ri,jinianmakesidanchen200zhouniandahuizaibeijingrenmindahuitanglongzhongjuxing。xijinping、likeqiang、lizhanshu、wangyang、wanghuning、zhaoleji、hanzheng、wangqishandengchuxidahui。 xinhuashejizhe jupeng/she

    jinnianshizhongguogongchandangchengli98zhounian。98nianfengyujiancheng,98niandilifenjin,zhongguogongchandangdailingzhongguorenminhuijiuleyifubolanzhuangkuo、qishihuihongdelishihuajuan,puxieleyiqugantiandongdi、qizhuangshanhedelishizange。

    weizhongguorenminmouxingfu、weizhonghuaminzumoufuxingshizhongguogongchandangrendechuxinheshiming。98nianlai,zhongguogongchandangrenshizhongjianshouzijidechuxinheshiming,zaiweirenminmouxingfu、weiminzumoufuxingdedaolushangbuduanqianxing,gongkeleyigeyouyigekansibukegongkedenanguan,chuangzaoleyigeyouyigebiaobingshicederenjianqiji。98nianlai,zhongguogongchandangshizhongjianchibamakesizhuyizuoweilidangliguodegenbenzhidaosixiang,jianchibuxiedituijinmakesizhuyizhongguohuashidaihuadazhonghua,yongfazhanzhedemakesizhuyizhidaozhongguodegeming、bbshixun、gaige。

    dangqian,bbshixunkaizhan“buwangchuxin、laojishiming”zhutijiaoyu,jiushiyaojinyibujiandingduimakesizhuyidexinyang,yongmakesizhuyizhongguohuadezuixinchengguowuzhuangquandang,buduanbazhongguoteseshehuizhuyishiyeshenglituixiangqianjin。

    yi

    makesizhuyishiweirenminqiujiefangdekexuelilun。zhongguogongchandangxuanzeyimakesizhuyiweizhidao,bushiourande,ershizaizhongguorenminjinglilezaiheianzhongzhangqitansuohepaihuai、duigezhongzhuyihesichaofanfubijiaozhihoudelishixuanze。

    1840nianyapianzhanzhengyihou,youyudiguozhuyilieqiangderuqinhefengjiantongzhidefubai,zhongguoriyilunweibanzhimindibanfengjianshehui,neiyouwaihuan,shanheposui,minzuweiwang,minbuliaosheng。weirenminmouxingfu、weiminzumoufuxing,shouxianbixutuifanyazaizhongguorenmintoushangdediguozhuyi、fengjianzhuyi、guanliaozibenzhuyisanzuodashan,shixianminzuduli、renminjiefang、guojiatongyi、shehuiwending。

    zaijiuwangtucundaolushang,zhongguobutongdejiejihezhengzhililiangfenfendengshangzhengzhiwutai,jinxingguogeshigeyangdechangshi,taipingtianguoyundong、yangwuyundong、wuxubianfa、yihetuanyundong、xinhaigemingdeng,dandouyiciyouyicishibaile,douweinengbazhonghuaminzuhezhongguorenmincongjipinjiruo、renrenzaigedebeicanjingyuzhongjiejiuchulai。maozedongcengjingyong“shanqiongshuijinzhulujiezoubutong”,biaodalejindaiyilairenrenzhishitansuominzufuxingzhiludekuselicheng。

    1917nian,shiyuegemingyishengpaoxiang,weizhongguosonglailemakesilieningzhuyi,jikukutanxunjiuwangtucunchuludezhongguorenminzhimingleqianjinfangxiang、tigonglequanxinxuanze。zaizheigelishidachaozhong,yigeyimakesizhuyiweizhidao、yongdanminzufuxinglishidarendemakesizhuyizhengdang——zhongguogongchandangyingyunersheng。xijinpingzongshujizhichu: “makesilieningzhuyi,weizhongguorenmindianliangleqianjindedengta;1921nianzhongguogongchandangdechengli,shizhongguorenminyouleqianjindezhuxingu。”

    zhongguogongchandangrenzhisuoyixuanzeyimakesizhuyiweizhidao,zhengshiyinweimakesizhuyiyudangdechuxinshimingshigaoduqihe、neizaitongyide。makesizhuyishirenmindelilun,diyicichuanglilerenminshixianzishenjiefangdesixiangtixi。zaimakesizhiqian,shehuishangzhantongzhidiweidelilundoushiweitongzhijiejibbshixunde。makesizhuyidiyicizhanzairenmindelichangtanqiurenleiziyoujiefangdedaolu,yikexuedelilunweirenleizuizhongjianliyigemeiyouyapo、meiyouboxue、renrenpingdeng、renrenziyoudelixiangshehuizhiminglefangxiang。xijinpingzongshujizhichu: “bbshixunganshiyebunengwangbenwangzu、wangjichuxin。bbshixungongchandangrendeben,jiushiduimakesizhuyidexinyang,duizhongguoteseshehuizhuyihegongchanzhuyidexinnian,duidangherenmindezhongcheng。”zheishigongchandangrendezhengzhilinghun。

    raner,xuanzeleyimakesizhuyizuozhidao,jinjinshiwanlizhangzhengmaichulediyibu。dangnianyoudezhongguogongchandangnazhemakesizhuyizheigelilunwuqiquzhidaozhongguogemingshi,quefaxianbingbuqingsong,ruheyunyongmakesizhuyichengweiguanxigemingshiyeshengsicunwangdezhongdawenti。

    zaiyigebanzhimindibanfengjiandedongfangdaguojinxinggeming,mianduideteshuguoqingshinongminzhanrenkoudejuedaduoshu,luohoufensandexiaonongjingji、xiaoshengchanjiqishehuiyingxianggenshendigu,youzaoshouzhexifanglieqiangqinlveheyapo,jingjiwenhuashifenluohou,zheiyiqiedouyumakesi、engesi、lieningsuofenxidexifangzibenzhuyiguojiajinxingwuchanjiejigemingdetiaojianyouzhehendadebutong。

    dagemingshiqi,chenduxiuyouqingjihuizhuyituolizhongguoshiji,zhishigemingzaiqiangdadirendeturanxijixiazaodaocanzhongshibai,yijingfazhandaojin6wanmingdangyuandedangzhishengxiale1wanduo。tudigemingzhanzhengshiqi,wangming“zuo”qingcuowubamakesizhuyijiaotiaohua,bagongchanguojijueyihesulianjingyanshenshenghua,yongxianchenggongshilaicaijianzhongguogemingshiji,shigeminggenjudihebaiqudegemingliliangdoushoudaojidasunshi,hongjuncong30wanrenruijiandao3wanrenzuoyou。

 

    maozedongshifenzhongshiganbudelilunxuexiyuyingyong,qiangdiaoduiyumakesizhuyidelilun,yaonenggoujingtongta、yingyongta,jingtongdemudequanzaiyuyingyong。tuwei1942nianmaozedongzaiyananjiganbuzuobaogao。

    buqubunaodezhongguogongchandangrencongxuedejiaoxunzhongzhuburenshidao: makesizhuyijuebushijiaotiao,zhiyoutongzhongguogemingdeshijijiehe,caiyouliliang。qiushouqiyishibaihou,maozedonglvlingduiwuxiangjinggangshanjinjun,jianlinongcungeminggenjudi,zhubutansuodaole“nongcunbaoweichengshi、wuzhuangduoquzhengquan”dezhengquegemingdaolu。maozedongzai《fanduibenbenzhuyi》yiwenzhongzhichu: “makesizhuyide‘benben’shiyaoxuexide,danshibixutongbbshixunguodeshijiqingkuangxiangjiehe。”“zhongguogemingdouzhengdeshengliyaokaozhongguotongzhilejiezhongguoqingkuang。”zheixiehua,yushizhezhongguogongchandangrenzairuheyunyongmakesizhuyizhidaozhongguogemingshijian、tuijinmakesizhuyizhongguohuadaolushangdeyiciweidajuexing。zunyihuiyi,chengweimakesizhuyizhongguohuashijianjinchengdeyigexinqidian。zai1938nian10yuedangdeliujieliuzhongquanhuishang,maozedongzhengshitichule“makesizhuyizhongguohua”demingti。tazhichu: “gongchandangyuanshiguojizhuyidemakesizhuyizhe,danshimakesizhuyibixuhebbshixunguodejutitedianxiangjiehebingtongguoyidingdeminzuxingshicainengshixian……likaizhongguotedianlaitanmakesizhuyi,zhishichouxiangdekongdongdemakesizhuyi。yinci,shimakesizhuyizaizhongguojutihua,shizhizaiqimeiyibiaoxianzhongdaizhebixuyoudezhongguodetexing,jishishuo,anzhaozhongguodetedianquyingyongta,chengweiquandangjidailejiebingjixujiejuedewenti。”1939nian、1940nianzhijiao,maozedongjielianfabiaole《zhongguogeminghezhongguogongchandang》、《xinminzhuzhuyilun》dengzhongyaozhuzuo,jiangfengfudezhongguogemingjingyanmakesizhuyihua,xitongchanminglezhongguogongchandangdelilunhegangling,huidalezhongguoxianghechuqudewenti。

    1942nianzaiquandangpubianzhankaideyananzhengfengyundong,shiyicishenkedemakesizhuyisixiangjiaoyuyundong,fanduizhuguanzhuyiyizhengdunxuefengshiciciyundongdezhongyaorenwu。ciqian,dangdelishishangfanfuchuxiande“zuo”、youqingcuowu,congsixianggenyuanlaishuodoushizhuguanzhuyi,qishizhishililuntuolishiji,diandaolerenshiheshijiandeguanxi。kefuzhuguanzhuyi,bixuyikexuedetaiduduidaimakesizhuyi,fayanglilunlianxishijidemakesizhuyixuefeng,yiqiecongshijichufa,shishiqiushi。zaizhengfengyundongzhong,zhongguogongchandangrentongguoduilishidezongjie,duimakesizhuyizhongguohuaderenshifashenglezhidefeiyue。1945nian,liushaoqizaidangdeqidashangsuozuodeguanyuxiugaidangzhangdebaogaozhong,mingquetichule“zhongguodemakesizhuyi”degainian,zhichu: “maozedongsixiang,jiushimakesilieningzhuyidelilunyuzhongguogemingdeshijianzhitongyidesixiang,jiushizhongguodegongchanzhuyi,zhongguodemakesizhuyi。”maozedongsixiangdechuangli,shizhongguogongchandangdiyiciyouleshuyuzijide、juyouzhongguozuofenghezhongguoqipaidekexuelilun,zheishibbshixundangmakesizhuyizhongguohuadediyicilishixingfeiyue。zhengshizaimaozedongsixiangdezhiyinxia,zhongguogongchandangrentuanjiedailingrenminyuxuefendou,wanchengxinminzhuzhuyigeming,jianliqizhonghuarenmingongheguo,shixianlezhonghuaminzucongdongyabingfudaozhanqilaideweidafeiyue。

    zhongguogemingdelishichongfenzhengming: zhongguogongchandangzhisuoyinenggouwanchengjindaiyilaigezhongzhengzhililiangbukenengwanchengdejianjurenwu,jiuzaiyushizhongbamakesizhuyizheiyikexuelilunzuoweizijidexingdongzhinan,bingjianchizaishijianzhongbuduanfengfuhefazhanmakesizhuyi。

    er

    xinzhongguodechengli,chedijieshulejiuzhongguoyipansanshadejumian,shixianlezhongguocongjiqiannianfengjianzhuanzhizhengzhixiangrenminminzhudeweidafeiyue。zaiweirenminmouxingfu、weiminzumoufuxingdedaolushang,zhongguogongchandangrenmaichulejianshideyibu。

    gemingjiannan,bbshixundedaolugengzhang、gengjianku。zaizhongguozheiyangyigejingjiwenhuabijiaoluohoudedongfangdaguobbshixunshehuizhuyi,shixiancongzhanqilaidaofuqilai、qiangqilaideweidafeiyue,shizhongguogongchandangrenmianlindezhanxinketi。jingdianzuojiatongyangmeiyoutigongxianchengdaan,yemeiyoushenmechenggongdejingyankeyijiejian,weiyouyunyongmakesizhuyizheiyiruilisixiangwuqi,jinmijiehezhongguoshehuizhuyibbshixundeshiji,zaishijianzhongpijingzhanji、kaipidaolu。

    yimaozedongtongzhiweizhuyaodaibiaodediyidaizhongyanglingdaojitijinxinglejianxintansuo,liqiubamakesizhuyijibenyuanlitongzhongguoshijijinxing“diercijiehe”,chuangzaochuxindelilun,zhaochuzaizhongguojinxingshehuizhuyigeminghebbshixundezhengquedaolu。

    raner,youyuquefajingyan,bbshixundangduixingshidefenxiheduiguoqingderenshiyiduchuxiantuolizhongguoshijidezhuguanzhuyidepiancha,shishehuizhuyibbshixundetansuochuxianyanzhongshiwu,naizhifashengle“wenhuadageming”neiyangquanjuxingde、zhangshijiandeyanzhongcuowu,shehuizhuyibbshixunshiyezaoshouzhongdacuozhe。jinguantansuojianxinkanke,danbbshixundangzaitansuozhongqudedelilunchengguoheshijianchengguoshijiqibaoguide,quelileshehuizhuyijibenzhidu,jianliledulidebijiaowanzhengdegongyetixiheguominjingjitixi,qudeleyixilieweidachengjiu,duizenyangbbshixunshehuizhuyixingchengleyixiliezhongyaorenshi,weixindelishishiqikaichuangzhongguoteseshehuizhuyitigonglebaoguijingyan、lilunzhunbeihewuzhijichu。

    “wenhuadageming”jieshuhou,dengxiaopingyitaweidademakesizhuyizhedeyuanjianzhuoshi、fengfuzhengzhijingyan、gaochaolingdaoyishu,qiangdiaoshishiqiushishimaozedongsixiangdejingsui,tuidongjinxinggefangmiandeboluanfanzheng。1978nian12yuezhaokaidedangdeshiyijiesanzhongquanhui,zhongxinquelilejiefangsixiang、shishiqiushidesixiangluxian,zuochushixinggaigekaifangdezhongdajuece,shixianledangdelishishangjuyoushenyuanyiyideweidazhuanzhe。

    shiyijiesanzhongquanhuiyihou,bbshixundangtuanjiedailingquandangquanguogezurenmin,shenkezongjiebbshixunguoshehuizhuyibbshixunzhengfanliangfangmianjingyan,jiejianshijieshehuizhuyilishijingyan,weiraoshenmeshishehuizhuyi、zenyangbbshixunshehuizhuyi,bbshixunshenmeyangdedang、zenyangbbshixundang,shixianshenmeyangdefazhan、zenyangfazhandengzhongdashidaiketi,buduantuijinlilunchuangxin,xingchenglebaokuodengxiaopinglilun、“sangedaibiao”zhongyaosixiang、kexuefazhanguandengzaineidezhongguoteseshehuizhuyililuntixi,chenggongzouchuleyitiaozhongguoteseshehuizhuyidaolu,bbshixunguojingji、zhengzhi、wenhua、shehuidengfangmiandoudedaokuaisufazhan,renminshenghuoshuipingdedaohendatigao,guominjingjizongliangdadaoshijiedier,zhongguoteseshehuizhuyishiyetufeimengjin,zhongguodatabuganshangshidaichaoliu,shixianlezhonghuaminzucongzhanqilaidaofuqilaideweidafeiyue。

    dangdeshibadayilai,zhongguoteseshehuizhuyijinruxinshidai。xinshidaixuyaoxinlilun,xinshijianxuyaoxinzhinan。dangdaizhongguozhengzaijinglizhebbshixunguolishishangzuiweiguangfanershenkedeshehuibiange,yezhengzaijinxingzherenleilishishangzuiweihongdaerdutedeshijianchuangxin。xijinpingzongshujizhichu: “zaiqianjindaolushang,bbshixunyaogenjuxindeshijianbuduanjinxingxindetansuo,shibbshixundangdelilunbuduanxiangqianfazhan,buduanweishijiantigongxindelilunzhidao,baozhengbbshixundangshizhongzouzaishidaiqianlie。”

    jinjinweiraoxinshidaijianchihefazhanshenmeyangdezhongguoteseshehuizhuyi、zenyangjianchihefazhanzhongguoteseshehuizhuyizheiyizhongdashidaiketi,yixijinpingtongzhiweihexindedangzhongyang,dailingquandangquanguorenminfenlipinbo,dangheguojiashiyequdelishixingchengjiu,fashenglishixingbiange。weidadeshijiancuishenglexindesixiang,zaibamakesizhuyijibenyuanlitongxinshidaizhongguojutishijixiangjiehedexinzhangzhengzhong,chuanglilexijinpingxinshidaizhongguoteseshehuizhuyisixiang,chengweibbshixundangheguojiaxindezhidaosixiang,zaizheiyisixiangdezhiyinxia,zhonghuaminzuyinglaicongfuqilaidaoqiangqilaideweidafeiyue。

    xinzhongguo70niandelishigaosubbshixun,makesizhuyidemingyunzaoyitongzhongguogongchandangdemingyun、zhongguorenmindemingyun、zhonghuaminzudemingyunjinjinlianzaiyiqi。zhiyoujianchibingbuduanfazhanmakesizhuyi,bamakesizhuyitongzhongguodejutishijiyoujijieheqilai,buduantuijinmakesizhuyidezhongguohuashidaihuadazhonghua,zhongguogongchandangrendechuxinheshimingcainengcongmeihaoyuanjingbianweixianshi。lishiherenminxuanzemakesizhuyishiwanquanzhengquede,zhongguogongchandangbamakesizhuyixiezaizijideqizhishangshiwanquanzhengquede,jianchimakesizhuyijibenyuanlitongzhongguojutishijixiangjiehe、buduantuijinmakesizhuyizhongguohuashidaihuashiwanquanzhengquede!

    san

    xijinpingzongshujizhichu: “yigezhengdang,ruyigerenyiyang,zuibaoguideshilijincangsang,haihuaiyouyikechizizhixin。”98nianguoqule,zhongguogongchandangrenchuxinbuwang、shimingyongdan,shizhibuyu、yiqifengfa。jintian,bbshixunbilishishangrenheshiqidougengjiejin、gengyouxinxinhenenglishixianzhonghuaminzuweidafuxingdemubiao。xingbailizhebanjiushi。zhonghuaminzuweidafuxing,juebushiqingqingsongsong、qiaoluodagujiunengshixiande,qianjindaolushang,haihuiyudaoxuxuduoduonanyiyuliaodekunnanhetiaozhan。yueshiqingkuangfuza、renwujianju、tiaozhanyanjun,yueshixuyaomakesizhuyikexuelilundezhidao,xuyaoquanmianjiaqiangdangdebbshixun。

    jintian,jiandingmakesizhuyikexuelilundezhidao,zuizhongyaodeshijinyibuyongxijinpingxinshidaizhongguoteseshehuizhuyisixiangwuzhuangtounao,zheishi“buwangchuxin、laojishiming”zhutijiaoyudezuigenbenrenwu。huigudangdefendoulichengkeyikandao,bbshixundangzhisuoyinenggoujianshouchuxinheshiming,lijingjiannankunkuerbuduanchuangzaoxindehuihuang,henzhongyaodeyitiaojiushishizhongzhongshisixiangjiandang、lilunqiangdang,jianchiyongkexuelilunwuzhuangdangyuan。dangdeshibadayilai,xijinpingzongshujifanfuqiangdiaoshixianzhonghuaminzuweidafuxingdezhongguomeng,fanfuqiangdiaojianchiyirenminweizhongxin,barenminduimeihaoshenghuodexiangwangzuoweibbshixundefendoumubiao,bazengjinminshengfuzhizuoweifazhandegenbenmude。keyishuo,weirenminmouxingfu、weiminzumoufuxing,shizhongguogongchandangrendechuxinheshiming,yeshixijinpingxinshidaizhongguoteseshehuizhuyisixiangdegenbenluojiaodian。

    shijiezaibianhua,shidaizaiqianjin,lilunchuangxindejiaobuyeyinggaiyongbutingxi。xijinpingzongshujizhichu: “jintian,jianchihefazhanzhongguoteseshehuizhuyi,quanmianshenhuagaige,youxiaoyingduiqianjindaolushangkeyiyujianhenanyiyujiandegezhongkunnanyufengxian,douhuitichuxindeketi,poqiexuyaobbshixunconglilunshangzuochuxindekexuehuida。”bbshixunyaoyongyujiefangsixiang、shishiqiushi,zaizibbshixungemingzhongjiandingbuyigenzhezhenlizou,weizhenlierdouzheng,fahuidangdaizhongguomakesizhuyi、21shijimakesizhuyidezhenlililiang,zaifuzadexianxiangzhongbawobenzhi、zaijianjuderenwuzhongningjuliliang、zaiyanjundetiaozhanzhongjiandingxinxin。

    zhongguogongchandang98niandelishiqishibbshixun: dangdelishi,jiushiyibuyizhongguohuademakesizhuyiweizhidao,weizhongguorenminmouxingfu、weizhonghuaminzumoufuxingdefendoushi。bbshixundangzaigeming、bbshixun、gaigedegegelishishiqi,jianchiyimakesizhuyiweizhidao,jianchicongbbshixunguojibenguoqingchufa,buduantuijinmakesizhuyidezhongguohuashidaihuadazhonghua,shixiandangdezhidaosixiangdeyushijujin,tansuobingzhaodaolefuhezhongguoshijidegeming、bbshixun、gaigedaolu,zheishibbshixundangbuduancongcuozhezhongjuexing、buduancongshenglizouxiangshenglidezhendi。zhiyaobbshixunbuduanlingtingshidaishengyin,shizhongbuwangchuxin、laojishiming,yongyujianchizhenli,yongyuxiuzhengcuowu,jiuyidingnenggoubuduankaipimakesizhuyizhongguohuaxinjingjie,rangmakesizhuyizaixinshidaifangshechugengjiacanlandezhenliguangmang!

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