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深刻理解中国共产党人的初心和使命
作者: 中共中央党史和文献研究院院长 曲青山    发布时间: 2019/7/25 16:22:52    来源:BB视讯_bb视讯安全网站-官网APP下载

    chuxinheshiming,shejibbshixundanglidangzhizhengdegenbenxingwenti。chuxinyaohuidadeshi“bbshixunshishei”,bbshixuncongnalilai、yaodaonaliqu?shimingyaohuidadeshi“weileshei”,bbshixunyaoganshenme、yinggaiganshenme?mingquehebawohaozhongguogongchandangchuxinheshimingdeshenkeneihan,duikaizhanhao“buwangchuxin、laojishiming”zhutijiaoyujuyoufeichangzhongyaodeyiyi。

    一、从党的旗帜看初心和使命

    bbshixundangdeqizhishimakesilieningzhuyi、maozedongsixiang、dengxiaopinglilun、“sangedaibiao”zhongyaosixiang、kexuefazhanguan、xijinpingxinshidaizhongguoteseshehuizhuyisixiang,zheishixieru《zhongguogongchandangzhangcheng》de,shibbshixundangdexingdongzhinan。tamenzhijian,shiyimaixiangcheng、yushijujindeguanxi。makesilieningzhuyishizhongguogongchandangdelaozuzong,shibbshixundangzhidaosixiangde“yuan”。maozedongsixiang、dengxiaopinglilun、“sangedaibiao”zhongyaosixiang、kexuefazhanguan、xijinpingxinshidaizhongguoteseshehuizhuyisixiang,shimakesilieningzhuyizaizhongguodeyunyonghefazhan,shibbshixundangzhidaosixiangde“liu”。maozedongsixiangjishimakesilieningzhuyizaizhongguoyunyongfazhande“liu”,youshimakesizhuyizhongguohuade“yuan”。xijinpingxinshidaizhongguoteseshehuizhuyisixiangshidangdaizhongguomakesizhuyi、21shijimakesizhuyi。

    makesi、engesizai《gongchandangxuanyan》zhongzhichu: “gongchandangrenbushitongqitagongrenzhengdangxiangduilideteshuzhengdang。tamenmeiyourenhetongzhenggewuchanjiejideliyibutongdeliyi。”“gongchandangrendezuijinmudeshiheqitayiqiewuchanjiejizhengdangdezuijinmudeyiyangde: shiwuchanjiejixingchengweijieji,tuifanzichanjiejidetongzhi,youwuchanjiejiduoquzhengquan。”“gongchandangrenweigongrenjiejidezuijindemudeheliyierdouzheng,danshitamenzaidangqiandeyundongzhongtongshidaibiaoyundongdeweilai。”makesi、engesizaizheilichanshuleyigezhongyaosixiang,neijiushimakesizhuyizhengdang——gongchandangmeiyouzijidesili,gongchandangshigongrenjiejihezuiguangdarenminqunzhongliyidedaibiao,zheijiushigongchandangdezongzhi。gongchandangrendefendoumubiaoshishixiangongchanzhuyi,zheijiushigongchandangdezuizhongfendoumubiaohezuigaogangling。

    lieningjieheeguogeminghebbshixundeshiji,jichenghefazhanlemakesizhuyi。eguoshiyuegemingshenglihou,lieningduociqiangdiao,dangyaotongguomanzugongnongqunzhongdeliyiyaoqiulaihuodetamendexinrenheyonghu。“zairenminqunzhongzhong,bbshixunbijingshicanghaiyisu,zhiyoubbshixunzhengquedibiaodarenmindexiangfa,bbshixuncainengguanli。fouzegongchandangjiubunenglvlingwuchanjieji,erwuchanjiejijiubunenglvlingqunzhong,zhenggejiqijiuyaosanjia。”lieningtichu,wuchanjiejizhengdangzaiduoquzhengquanhou,yidingyaodaibiaorenminqunzhongdeliyi,yidingyaoweitigaohegaishanrenminqunzhongdeshenghuo,weiweihuheshixianrenminqunzhongdeliyierjixufendou。

    maozedongmingquezhichu: “gongchandangshiweiminzu、weirenminmouliyidezhengdang,tabenshenjuewusiliketu。”zaidangdeqidashangsuozuodezhengzhibaogaozhong,maozedongzhichu: “quanxinquanyidiweirenminbbshixun,yikeyebutuoliqunzhong;yiqiecongrenmindeliyichufa,erbushiconggerenhuoxiaojituandeliyichufa;xiangrenminfuzehexiangdangdelingdaojiguanfuzedeyizhixing;zheixiejiushibbshixundechufadian。”“gongchandangrendeyiqieyanlunxingdong,bixuyihehuzuiguangdarenminqunzhongdezuidaliyi,weizuiguangdarenminqunzhongsuoyonghuweizuigaobiaozhun。”congci,weirenminbbshixunbeigaikuotilianweizhongguogongchandangdegenbenzongzhi,bingbeixierudangzhang。

    dengxiaoping、jiangzemin、hujintaoduigongchandangrendechuxinheshiming,douzuoguoshenkelunshu。

    xijinpingzongshujitichu“renminduimeihaoshenghuodexiangwang,jiushibbshixundefendoumubiao”dezhuminglunduan,duidangdeweirenminbbshixungenbenzongzhijinxinglejutixingxiangshengdongdebiaoshuhegaikuo。xijinpingzongshujizhichu: “jiandinglixiangxinnian,jianshougongchandangrenjingshenzhuiqiu,shizhongshigongchandangrenanshenlimingdegenben。duimakesizhuyidexinyang,duishehuizhuyihegongchanzhuyidexinnian,shigongchandangrendezhengzhilinghun,shigongchandangrenjingshouzhurenhekaoyandejingshenzhizhu。”“shixianzhonghuaminzuweidafuxing,jiushizhonghuaminzujindaiyilaizuiweidademengxiang。zheigemengxiang,ningjulejidaizhongguorendesuyuan,tixianlezhonghuaminzuhezhongguorenmindezhengtiliyi,shimeiyigezhonghuaernvdegongtongqipan。lishigaosubbshixun,meigerendeqiantumingyundouyuguojiaheminzudeqiantumingyunjinmixianglian。guojiahao,minzuhao,dajiacaihuihao。shixianzhonghuaminzuweidafuxingshiyixiangguangrongerjianjudeshiye,xuyaoyidaiyouyidaizhongguorengongtongweizhinuli。kongtanwuguo,shiganxingbang。bbshixunzheiyidaigongchandangrenyidingyaochengqianqihou、jiwangkailai,babbshixundedangbbshixunhao,tuanjiequantizhonghuaernvbabbshixunguojiabbshixunhao,babbshixunminzufazhanhao,jixuchaozhezhonghuaminzuweidafuxingdemubiaofenyongqianjin。”xijinpingzongshujizaidangdeshijiudabaogaozhonggengshixianmingditichulezhongguogongchandangrenchuxinheshimingdemingti。tatebieqiangdiaozhichu: “buwangchuxin,fangdeshizhong。zhongguogongchandangrendechuxinheshiming,jiushiweizhongguorenminmouxingfu,weizhonghuaminzumoufuxing。zheigechuxinheshimingshijilizhongguogongchandangrenbuduanqianjindegenbendongli。quandangtongzhiyidingyaoyongyuanyurenmintonghuxi、gongmingyun、xinlianxin,yongyuanbarenminduimeihaoshenghuodexiangwangzuoweifendoumubiao,yiyongbuxiedaidejingshenzhuangtaiheyiwangwuqiandefendouzitai,jixuchaozheshixianzhonghuaminzuweidafuxingdehongweimubiaofenyongqianjin。”

    youcikejian,congdangdeqizhikan,congdangdezhidaosixiangkan,zhongguogongchandangrendechuxinheshiming,shiyimaixiangcheng、yiyiguanzhide,yeshichengqianqihou、yushijujinde。yinci,zhongguogongchandangzuoweimakesizhuyizhengdang,youlezheiyangyigeteshudesixianglilunyoushi,zaijiashangtadexianjindejiejijichu、guangdadequnzhongjichu,tajiunenggoubaituoyiwangyiqiezhengzhililiangzhuiqiuzishenteshuliyidejuxian,shizhongyiweiwubianzhengdekexuejingshen,wusiwuweidebodaxionghuai,ganyuzuo、nenggouzuoqitazhengdanghezhengzhililiangzuobule、zuobudaodeshi,ganyuzhanshengqiangdadediren,yongyukefugezhongjiannanxianzu,dailingzhongguorenminchuangzaochuyigeyouyigerenjianqiji,zaizhongguojinxiandailishishangganchengledashi,zaishijierenleiwenmingjinbulishishangjianlileweiye。

    二、从党的历史看初心和使命

    zhongguogongchandanglishikefenweisangelishishiqi,jidangzaixinminzhuzhuyigemingshiqi,dangzaishehuizhuyigemingheshehuizhuyibbshixunshiqi,dangzaigaigekaifangheshehuizhuyixiandaihuabbshixunxinshiqi。jianlizhongguogongchandang、chenglizhonghuarenmingongheguo、tuijingaigekaifanghezhongguoteseshehuizhuyishiye,shiwusiyundongyilaibbshixunguofashengdesandalishixingshijian,shijindaiyilaishixianzhonghuaminzuweidafuxingdesandalichengbei。

    (yi)diyidalishixingshijianhediyidalichengbei: jianlizhongguogongchandang

    20shijichudeshijiehezhongguofashengleliangjiandashi: yijianshieguoshiyuegeming,yijianshizhongguodewusiyundong。1949nian9yue16ri,maozedongzai《weixinlishiguandepochan》yiwenzhongzhichu: “yijiuyiqiniandeeguogeminghuanxinglezhongguoren,zhongguorenxuedeleyiyangxindedongxi,zheijiushimakesilieningzhuyi。zhongguochanshenglegongchandang,zheishikaitianpididedashibian。”“makesilieningzhuyilaidaozhongguozhisuoyifashengzheiyangdadezuoyong,shiyinweizhongguodeshehuitiaojianyoulezheizhongxuyao,shiyinweitongzhongguorenmingemingdeshijianfashenglelianxi,shiyinweibeizhongguorenminsuozhangwole。”zaiwusiyundongzhong,shanghaidegongrenjinxingbagongshengyuanxuesheng,zheibiaozhizhezhongguogongrenjiejidulididengshanglelishiwutai。makesilieningzhuyitongzhongguogongrenyundongxiangjiehe,jiuchanshenglezhongguogongchandang。zhongguogongchandangshizhongguogongrenjiejidexianfengdui,tongshishizhongguorenminhezhonghuaminzudexianfengdui,shizhongguoteseshehuizhuyishiyedelingdaohexin。dangdezuigaolixianghezuizhongmubiaoshishixiangongchanzhuyi。

    (er)dierdalishixingshijianhedierdalichengbei: chenglizhonghuarenmingongheguo

    xinzhongguochenglihou,bbshixundangdailingrenminkaishiweiguojiafuqiang、renminxingfuerfendou,zheishibbshixundangsuojianfudedierdalishirenwu。bbshixunzaodaoleyimeiguoweishoudeyixiexifangguojiadedishi,tamenzaijingjishangfengsuobbshixun,zaizhengzhishanggulibbshixun,zaijunshishangweixiebbshixun。danglingdaorenminzhubuchongpoxifangdiduishiliduixinzhongguodeguli、ezhi、baoweiheweixie,youxiaodiweihuleminzuduli、guojiazhuquanheanquan。

    zaishehuizhuyigeminghebbshixunshiqi,bbshixunquanmianquelileshehuizhuyijibenzhidu。bbshixunguoxianxingdeguoti、zhengti、guojiajiegouxingshihezhengdangzhidudoushizaizheigeshiqiquelide。zaizhongguogongchandangdelingdaoxia,quandangquanguorenminfenfanuli,jianliledulidebijiaowanzhengdegongyetixiheguominjingjitixi。bbshixunkaishiquanmianbbshixunshehuizhuyi,bingqudelishixingdejudajinzhan。zaizheiqijian,renminwuzhiwenhuashenghuoshuipingdedaozhubutigao。zhei29nianshixinzhongguode“sanshierli”,weihoulai40niangaigekaifangzhongguode“sishibuhuo”diandinglejichu。

    (san)disandalishixingshijianhedisandalichengbei: tuijingaigekaifanghezhongguoteseshehuizhuyishiye

    gaigekaifangshidangdeshiyijiesanzhongquanhuizuochudelishixingjuece。bbshixundangshixinggaigekaifangshijiyuduidangheguojiaqiantumingyundeshenkebawo,shijiyuduibbshixunguoshehuizhuyigeminghebbshixunshijiandeshenkezongjie,shijiyuduishidaichaoliudeshenkedongcha,shijiyuduirenminqunzhongqipanhexuyaodeshenketiwu;shidui“wenhuadageming”defansi,shiduibbshixunguofazhanluohoudefansi,shiduishijiefazhanchaoliudefansi。dengxiaopingshibbshixundangdedierdaizhongyanglingdaojitidehexin,shibbshixunguogaigekaifangdezongshejishi。gaigekaifangshizhongguodatabuganshangshidai,jidadi“huoyue”lezhongguo、fazhanlezhongguo。jingguoquanguorenmindenulifendou,bbshixunguodeshehuizhuyixiandaihuabbshixunqudejushizhumudejudachengjiu,jingjishili、kejishili、guofangshili、guojiyingxianglidoudaweitisheng,renminshenghuoshuipingbuduantigao。2010nian,bbshixunguoguoneishengchanzongzhichaoguoriben,chengweishijiedierdajingjiti。

    dangdeshibadayilai,yixijinpingtongzhiweihexindedangzhongyangyijudadezhengzhiyongqiheqiangliedeshimingdandang,tichuyixiliexinlinianxinsixiangxinzhanlve,chutaiyixiliezhongdafangzhenzhengce,tuichuyixiliezhongdajucuo,tuijinyixiliezhongdagongzuo,jiejuelexuduozhangqixiangjiejueermeiyoujiejuedenanti,banchenglexuduoguoquxiangbanermeiyoubanchengdedashi,tuidongdangheguojiashiyequdequanfangwei、kaichuangxinglishichengjiu,fashengshencengci、genbenxinglishibiange。zhongguoriyizoujinshijiewutaizhongyang,duishijiedeyingxiangli、ganzhaoliriyizengqiang。zhonghuaminzuyinglailecongfuqilaidaoqiangqilaideweidafeiyue,yinglaileshixianzhonghuaminzuweidafuxingzhongguomengdeguangmingqianjing。

    zhongguogongchandangjin100nianlishidezhutizhuxian,jiushijianfuqileliangdalishirenwu,jishixianminzuduli、renminjiefangheguojiafuqiang、renminxingfu。diyidalishirenwu,suizhexinzhongguodechengliyijingwancheng。dierdalishirenwu,bbshixunyijingfendoule70nian,70nianzhongyou40nianshigaigekaifang。zheigelishirenwuhaimeiyouwancheng,bbshixunxianzaihaizaijixunulifendou。lishibiaoming,bbshixundanggangeming、gaobbshixun、zhuagaige,doushiweilerangrenminqunzhongguoshangxingfudeshenghuo、meihaodeshenghuo。

    三、从党的擘画看初心和使命

    zhongguogongchandangyouzuigaoganglinghezuizhongfendoumubiao,yeyouzuidiganglinghebutongjieduanfendoumubiao。dangdezuigaoganglinghezuizhongfendoumubiaoshishixiangongchanzhuyi。dangdexianjieduanganglinghexianjieduanfendoumubiaoshibbshixunzhongguoteseshehuizhuyi,bbshixunshehuizhuyixiandaihuaqiangguo,shixianzhonghuaminzuweidafuxingdezhongguomeng。xinzhongguochenglihou,bbshixundangshiruhebohuameiyigelishijieduanbbshixunguojiafazhanlantude?

    (yi)bbshixundangduifazhanlantudebohua

    xinzhongguochenglihou,bbshixundangtichuleshixiansigexiandaihuadefendoumubiao。1964nian12yue,zhouenlaizongligenjumaozedongzhuxidejianyi,zaisanjiequanguorendayicihuiyishangsuozuodezhengfugongzuobaogaozhong,tichulezaibutaizhangdelishishiqinei,babbshixunguobbshixunchengweiyigejuyouxiandainongye、xiandaigongye、xiandaiguofanghexiandaikexuejishudeshehuizhuyiqiangguodemubiao。gaigekaifanghou,dengxiaopingzongjiebbshixunguoshehuizhuyibbshixundejingyanhejiaoxun,tichule“zhongguoshidesigexiandaihua”demubiaoyiji“xiaokangshehui”degouxiang。1982nian9yue,dangdeshierdagenjudengxiaopingguanyuxiaokangshehuidegouxiang,tichuledao20shijimoquanguogongnongyezongchanzhifanliangfan,shixianxiaokangdemubiao。1987nian10yue,dangdeshisandaguihuale“sanbuzou”defazhanzhanlve。1997nian9yue,dangdeshiwudazaidierbudaodisanbuzhijian,youguihualeyige“xinsanbuzou”fazhanzhanlve。2002nian11yue,dangdeshiliudatichulequanmianbbshixunxiaokangshehuidemubiao。2007nian10yue,dangdeshiqidajinyibuwanshanlezheiyimubiao。2012nian11yue,dangdeshibadatichulequanmianjianchengxiaokangshehuihe“lianggeyibainian”fendoumubiao。2017nian10yue,dangdeshijiudajiang2020niandaobenshijizhongyefenchenglianggejieduanjinxingzhanlveanpai。diyigejieduan,cong2020niandao2035nian,zaiquanmianjianchengxiaokangshehuidejichushang(jishixianzhongguogongchandangchengli100nianshidediyigebainianfendoumubiao),zaifendou15nian,jibenshixianshehuizhuyixiandaihua。diergejieduan,cong2035niandaobenshijizhongye,zaijibenshixianxiandaihuadejichushang,zaifendou15nian,babbshixunguojianchengfuqiangminzhuwenminghexiemeilideshehuizhuyixiandaihuaqiangguo(zheiyeshidiergebainianfendoumubiaojizhonghuarenmingongheguochengli100niandefendoumubiao)。zheigemubiaodeshixianyejiushizhonghuaminzuweidafuxingzhongguomengdeshixian。shixianlezheigefendoumubiao,yejiushiwanchenglebbshixundangjianfudeguojiafuqiang、renminxingfudedierdalishirenwu。

    (er)xinshidaishiminzufuxingdeguanjianshiqi

    dangdeshijiudatichu,jingguozhangqinuli,zhongguoteseshehuizhuyijinruxinshidai,zheishibbshixunguofazhanxindelishifangwei。zheigexinshidai,shichengqianqihou、jiwangkailai、zaixindelishitiaojianxiajixuduoquzhongguoteseshehuizhuyiweidashenglideshidai,shijueshengquanmianjianchengxiaokangshehui、jinerquanmianbbshixunshehuizhuyixiandaihuaqiangguodeshidai,shiquanguogezurenmintuanjiefendou、buduanchuangzaomeihaoshenghuo、zhubushixianquantirenmingongtongfuyudeshidai,shiquantizhonghuaernvlulitongxin、fenlishixianzhonghuaminzuweidafuxingzhongguomengdeshidai,shibbshixunguoriyizoujinshijiewutaizhongyang、buduanweirenleizuochugengdagongxiandeshidai。xianzai,bbshixunbilishishangrenheshiqidougengjiejinzhonghuaminzuweidafuxingdemubiao,bilishishangrenheshiqidougengyouxinxin、younenglishixianzheigemubiao。danshi,tongshibbshixunyeqingxingdirenshidao,xingbailizhebanjiushi。zhonghuaminzuweidafuxing,juebushiqingqingsongsong、qiaoluodagujiunengshixiande。quandangbixuzhunbeifuchugengweijianju、gengweijiankudenuli。bbshixunmianlinzhegezhongyanjunfengxiandetiaozhan,zheixiefengxiantiaozhanyouzhengzhi、yishixingtai、jingjilingyude,yeyoukeji、shehui、waibuhuanjinghedangdebbshixundenglingyude。baizaiquandangquanguogezurenminmianqiandeshiminggengguangrong、renwugengjianju、tiaozhangengyanjun、gongzuogengweida。bbshixunbixujianchidixiansiwei,zengqiangyouhuanyishi,baochizhengzhidingli,fangfanhuajiezhongdafengxian,bixuzhunbeijinxingjuyouxuduoxindelishitediandeweidadouzheng,chixufendou,buxiefendou,yongyuanfendou。

    (san)xinyang、xinnian、xinxinzhiguanzhongyao

    xijinpingzongshujizaiqingzhugaigekaifang40zhouniandahuizhongyaojianghuazhichu: “xinyang、xinnian、xinxin,renheshihoudouzhiguanzhongyao。xiaodaoyigeren、yigejiti,dadaoyigezhengdang、yigeminzu、yigeguojia,zhiyaoyouxinyang、xinnian、xinxin,jiuhuiyucuoyufen、yuzhanyuyong,fouzejiuhuibuzhanzibai、budazikua。wulunguoqu、xianzaihaishijianglai,duimakesizhuyidexinyang,duizhongguoteseshehuizhuyidexinnian,duishixianzhonghuaminzuweidafuxingzhongguomengdexinxin,doushizhiyinhezhichengzhongguorenminzhanqilai、fuqilai、qiangqilaideqiangdajingshenliliang。”dangdeshijiudajiangxijinpingxinshidaizhongguoteseshehuizhuyisixiangxierudangzhang,queliweidangdexingdongzhinan。xijinpingxinshidaizhongguoteseshehuizhuyisixiangshidangdaizhongguomakesizhuyi,shi21shijimakesizhuyi,shibbshixunshixianzhonghuaminzuweidafuxingzhongguomengdeqiangdajingshenzhizhu。dangdeshibadayilai,dangheguojiashiyezhisuoyiqudequanfangwei、kaichuangxingchengjiu,fashengshencengci、genbenxingbiange,zuigenbendeyuanyinshiyouyixijinpingtongzhiweihexindedangzhongyangdejianqianglingdao,youxijinpingxinshidaizhongguoteseshehuizhuyisixiangdekexuezhiyin。bbshixunyaoshulao“sigeyishi”,jianding“sigezixin”,jianjuezuodao“lianggeweihu”。zheishibbshixunshixiandangdeshijiudahongweilantudegenbensixiangbaozhenghezhengzhibaozhang。

    qizuoshiyejian,qijiangbiyebiju。xijinpingzongshujizhichu: “yiqiexiangqianzou,doubunengwangjizouguodelu;zoudezaiyuan、zoudaozaiguanghuideweilai,yebunengwangjizouguodeguoqu,bunengwangjiweishenmechufa。mianxiangweilai,mianduitiaozhan,quandangtongzhiyidingyaobuwangchuxin、jixuqianjin。”“shiyefazhanyongwuzhijing,gongchandangrendechuxinyongyuanbunenggaibian。weiyoubuwangchuxin,fangkegaoweilishi、gaoweixianbei,fangkeyingdeminxin、yingdeshidai,fangkeshanzuoshancheng、yiwangwuqian。”zhiyaobbshixunbuwangchuxin、laojishiming,quandangjiunengningjuqibangbodeliliang,bbshixundangjiunengdailingquanguogezurenminwujianerbucui,wuwangerbusheng,shunlishixian“lianggeyibainian”fendoumubiao,shixianzhonghuaminzuweidafuxingdezhongguomeng。

 

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