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认清中国特色社会主义是社会主义不是别的什么主义
作者: 杨明伟    发布时间: 2019/8/20 16:09:32    来源:BB视讯_bb视讯安全网站-官网APP下载

    jinxienianlai,suizhezhongguogaigekaifangheshehuizhuyixiandaihuabbshixunqudejushizhumudechengjiu,tebieshishehuizhuyishichangjingjitizhidejinyibuwanshanhefazhan,guoneiwaiyixierenduizhongguoteseshehuizhuyichanshengleyiwen: “zhongguoxianzaigaodejiujinghaishibushishehuizhuyi?”shenzhichuxianleyixieduizhongguoteseshehuizhuyidecuowurenshi: bazhongguoteseshehuizhuyishuochengshi“zibenshehuizhuyi”“guojiazibenzhuyi”“xinguanliaozibenzhuyi”dengdeng。zheixieyanlundangranshiwanquancuowude。xijinpingzongshujimingquezhichu: “bbshixundangshizhongqiangdiao,zhongguoteseshehuizhuyi,jijianchilekexueshehuizhuyijibenyuanze,yougenjushidaitiaojianfuyuqixianmingdezhongguotese。zheijiushishuo,zhongguoteseshehuizhuyishishehuizhuyi,bushibiedeshenmezhuyi。”(《shibadayilaizhongyaowenxianxuanbian》〈shang〉,zhongyangwenxianchubanshe2014nianban,di109ye)renqing“zhongguoteseshehuizhuyishishehuizhuyi,bushibiedeshenmezhuyi”,shiyigezhongdadelilunketi,yeshiyigezhongdadeshijianwenti。

    一、“科学社会主义基本原则不能丢,丢了就不是社会主义”

    zhongguoteseshehuizhuyiyouzishendeyuanzexing。renhekexuelilun,douyouyixiejibenyuanliyuanze,shibixushizhongbuyudijianchide。zhongguoteseshehuizhuyishouxianshishehuizhuyi,shikexueshehuizhuyi。bbshixunjianchizhongguoteseshehuizhuyi,shouxianbixujianchikexueshehuizhuyidejibenyuanze。zimakesizhuyijingdianzuojiazaishenkefenxirenleishehuijibenmaodunhelishifazhanyibanguilvdejichushangchuanglikexueshehuizhuyililunyilai,zheiyililunjiqizhidaoxiadeshijianjingguolefengfengyuyu、quzhekanke,yezhengminglemakesizhuyililundeshengmingli,zhengminglekexueshehuizhuyiyuanlidekexuexing。zhongguogongchandangrenzhengshizunxunzheixiejibenyuanli,jiehezhongguodeshehuishijijinxingzizhutansuobingyinlingzhongguofazhanjinbude。

    jingguoxinzhongguo70nianlaishehuizhuyishijiandejianxintansuo,tebieshigaigekaifang40nianlaizhongguoteseshehuizhuyidekaichuangxingtansuo,zhongguoshehuifashengletianfandifudejudabianhua,qudeleqiansuoweiyoudejudachengjiu,zheixiedoushiyuzhongguogongchandangrenshizhongjianshoukexueshehuizhuyideyixiliejibenyuanlihezhongdayuanzefenbukaide。zheilimian,zuiweituchudeyouyixiajitiao。

    (yi)“shengchanlishizuigemingdeyinsu”: shengchanlijuedingshengchanguanxideyuanlibunengdiu,bixujianchibafazhanshengchanlizuoweishehuizhuyidegenbenrenwu。

    zailingdaozhongguoshehuizhuyibbshixunguochengzhong,zhongguogongchandangrenshizhongzunxunshengchanlijuedingshengchanguanxi、shengchanguanxiyaoshiyingshengchanlifazhandeyuanli。jinguandangneiyecengjingyiduchuxianguohushifazhanshehuishengchanlideqingxiang,danzaijibenrenshishang,bbshixundangshizhongzhuyishengchanliyushengchanguanxizhijiandebianzhengguanxi,zhengrumaozedongtongzhifanfuqiangdiaozhichude: shengchanlishizuigemingdeyinsu。shengchanlifazhanle,zongshiyaogemingde。tazaitixingquandangtongzhiguanzhushengchanliheshengchanguanxi、jingjijichuheshangcengjianzhuzheiliangduishehuijibenmaodunwentishi,jiqiangdiaoshengchanliheshengchanguanxidemaodun,shengchanlishizhuyaode,youzhichushengchanguanxi、lilun、shangcengjianzhuzheixiefangmian,zaiyidingtiaojianzhixia,youzhuanguolaiqijuedingdezuoyong,renweizheibushiweifanweiwulun,ershibimianlejixieweiwulun,jianchilebianzhengweiwulun。

    gaigekaifanghou,conglishidejingyanjiaoxunzhongzouchulaidezhongguogongchandangren,bafazhanshengchanlizuoweishehuizhuyideshouyaorenwu。zaizongjieshehuizhuyibbshixunjingyanshi,dengxiaopingtongzhimingquezhichu: jingyangaosubbshixun: pinqiongbushishehuizhuyi,shehuizhuyiyaoxiaomiepinqiong。bufazhanshengchanli,butigaorenmindeshenghuoshuiping,bunengshuoshifuheshehuizhuyiyaoqiude。tatebieqiangdiao,makesizhuyidejibenyuanzejiushiyaofazhanshengchanli。shehuizhuyideshouyaorenwushifazhanshengchanli。zaibbshixunzhongguoteseshehuizhuyiguochengzhong,dangneixingchengzheiyangdegongshi: ruguobufazhanshengchanli,jiutixianbuchushehuizhuyidebenzhi。

    dangdeshibadayilai,yixijinpingtongzhiweihexindedangzhongyanggaoduzhongshijiefanghefazhanshehuishengchanlidewenti,xijinpingzongshujizaijinianmakesidanchen200zhouniandahuishangdejianghuazhongzhichu: “shengchanlishituidongshehuijinbuzuihuoyue、zuigemingdeyaosu。”“jiefanghefazhanshehuishengchanlishishehuizhuyidebenzhiyaoqiu,shizhongguogongchandangrenjielitansuo、zhelijiejuedezhongdawenti。”xijinpingzongshujizaitichu“quanmianshenhuagaige”dengzhanlvebujushi,tebieqiangdiaoshulishengchanlibiaozhunshangdeliangge“zijue”,jizijuetongguodiaozhengshengchanguanxijifashehuishengchanlifazhanhuoli,zijuetongguowanshanshangcengjianzhushiyingjingjijichufazhanyaoqiu。qimude,jiushirangzhongguoteseshehuizhuyigengjiafuheshehuifazhanguilvdixiangqianfazhan。

    (er)“shehuizhuyitezhengshigaojitifuyu”: gongtongfuyudeyuanzebunengdiu,yaojianchigaishanquantirenminshenghuo,zougongtongfuyudaolu。

    dailingquantirenminzougongtongfuyudeshehuizhuyi、gongchanzhuyidaolu,zheishiyoumakesizhuyizhengdangdegenbenxingzhijuedingde。congyidingyiyishangshuo,bbshixunzhongguoteseshehuizhuyidezuizhongmubiao,jiushishixianquantirenmindegongtongfuyu。weileshixianzheiyimubiao,bbshixundangcongzhongguoshehuideshijichufa,linghuoyunyongmakesizhuyidejibenyuanze,tichuyunxuheguliyibufendiqu、yibufenrentongguochengshilaodong、hefajingyingxianfuqilai,yidaidongyuelaiyueduodediquherenmenzoushangzhifuzhilu。yucitongshi,gongtongfuyudelilunzaizhongguoteseshehuizhuyishijianzhongyededaochuangzaoxingfazhan。zhengruxijinpingzongshujizaijinianmakesidanchen200zhouniandahuishangdejianghuazhongsuoshuode,renminduimeihaoshenghuodexiangwangjiushibbshixundefendoumubiao。yaojianchiyirenminweizhongxindefazhansixiang,zhuazhurenminzuiguanxinzuizhijiezuixianshideliyiwenti,buduanbaozhanghegaishanminsheng,cujinshehuigongpingzhengyi,zaigenggaoshuipingshangshixianyouyousuoyu、xueyousuojiao、laoyousuode、bingyousuoyi、laoyousuoyang、zhuyousuoju、ruoyousuofu,rangfazhanchengguogengduogenggongpinghuijiquantirenmin,buduancujinrendequanmianfazhan,chaozheshixianquantirenmingongtongfuyubuduanmaijin。

    (san)“zunzhongrenminzhutidiwei”: lishiweiwuzhuyideyuanliyuanzebunengdiu,bixuzunxunrenminqunzhongshilishichuangzaozhe、shilishiqianjindonglidedaoli。

    dangdeshibadayilai,yixijinpingtongzhiweihexindedangzhongyangjinyibutichu“yirenminweizhongxin”defazhansixiang,zaidangdeshijiudabaogaozhong,“yirenminweizhongxin”defazhansixianghezhizhengliniansuichukejian。biru: “bixujianchiyirenminweizhongxindefazhansixiang,buduancujinrendequanmianfazhan、quantirenmingongtongfuyu”;“bixujianchirenminzhutidiwei,jianchilidangweigong、zhizhengweimin,jianxingquanxinquanyiweirenminbbshixundegenbenzongzhi,badangdequnzhongluxianguanchedaozhiguolizhengquanbuhuodongzhizhong,barenminduimeihaoshenghuodexiangwangzuoweifendoumubiao,yikaorenminchuangzaolishiweiye”;“dangdeyiqiegongzuobixuyizuiguangdarenmingenbenliyiweizuigaobiaozhun”;“bbshixunyaojianchibarenminqunzhongdexiaoshidangzuozijidedashi,congrenminqunzhongguanxindeshiqingzuoqi,congrangrenminqunzhongmanyideshiqingzuoqi,dailingrenminbuduanchuangzaomeihaoshenghuo”dengdeng。zhengyinweirenminqunzhongshilishidechuangzaozhe、shituidonglishiqianjindedongli,shizhenzhengdeyingxiong,suoyibbshixundanglingdaobbshixundezhongguoteseshehuizhuyishiye,zunzhongrenminzhutidiwei,barenminqunzhongdeanweilengnuanfangzaiyiqiegongzuodeshouwei。

    (si)“jianchidangduiyiqiegongzuodelingdao”: jianchizhongguogongchandanglingdaodegenbenyuanzebunengdiu,dongxinanbeizhong、dangzhengjunminxue,dangshilingdaoyiqiede。

    zhongguogongchandangdelingdao,shizhongguogeming、bbshixunhegaigequdeshenglidegenbenbaozheng,yeshizhongguoteseshehuizhuyizuibenzhidetezheng。zhengshizhongguogongchandangdehexinlingdaodiweihehexinlingdaoliliang,jinyibukaichuanghefazhanlezhongguoteseshehuizhuyideweidashiye。zaituijinxinshidaizhongguoteseshehuizhuyiweidashiyezhong,xijinpingzongshujitebieqiangdiaobbshixunyaojianchidangzonglanquanju、xiediaogefangdelingdaohexinzuoyong,tamingquezhichu: “zhongguogongchandangshizhongguoteseshehuizhuyishiyedelingdaohexin,chuzaizonglanquanju、xiediaogefangdediwei。zaidangjinzhongguo,meiyoudayuzhongguogongchandangdezhengzhililianghuoqitashenmeliliang。dangzhengjunminxue,dongxinanbeizhong,dangshilingdaoyiqiede,shizuigaodezhengzhilingdaoliliang。”(《xijinpingguanyushehuizhuyizhengzhibbshixunlunshuzhaibian》,zhongyangwenxianchubanshe2017nianban,di30ye)gaigekaifangyilaizhongguoteseshehuizhuyidelishiluojiheshijianluojichongfenshuoming: zhongguoteseshehuizhuyizhidudezuidayoushijiushizhongguogongchandangdelingdao。

    bbshixundangzaigaigekaifangdegegelishijieduan,doufanfuqiangdiaobixuzunxunkexueshehuizhuyidejibenyuanli,qiangdiaobixujianchizhongguoteseshehuizhuyidejibenyuanzehejibenyaoqiu。dangdeshibadayilai,yixijinpingtongzhiweihexindedangzhongyangjinyibutichuduoquzhongguoteseshehuizhuyixinshenglideyixiliejibenyaoqiu,yedouqingchudibiaominglebbshixunbixushizhongjianchidezhongguoteseshehuizhuyidejibenneirong,zhengruxijinpingzongshujitebiezhichude: zaixindelishitiaojianxiatixiankexueshehuizhuyijibenyuanzedeneirong,ruguodiudiaolezheixie,neijiubuchengqiweishehuizhuyile。shuodaodi,bbshixunbulunzenmegaige、ruhekaifang,doushizhongjianshouzaizhongguoteseshehuizhuyidaolu、zhongguoteseshehuizhuyililuntixi、zhongguoteseshehuizhuyizhidu、zhongguoteseshehuizhuyiwenhuadedakuangjianei。

    gaoqinglebbshixunjianchidekexueshehuizhuyigenbenyuanliyuanze,jiubuhuichanshengsixiangrenshishangdemohu。shehuishangzhisuoyihuichanshengyiwen,youxieshishuyusixianghutu,youxiezeshichuyubieyouyongxindeyouyiwudao。zaiduizhongguoteseshehuizhuyidewujie、qujiezhong,buguanshijiangqijieduwei“zibenshehuizhuyi”、“guojiazibenzhuyi”,haishi“xinguanliaozibenzhuyi”,hexindoushixiangjiangzhongguoteseshehuizhuyiwudaodao“zibenzhuyi”defanchouzhongqu。zheizhongzuofa,qiaqiabudongdeshehuizhuyiyuzibenzhuyidebenzhiqubie,hushilezhongguoteseshehuizhuyidebenzhitezheng。

    二、“鞋子合不合脚,自己穿了才知道”

    zhongguoteseshehuizhuyi,youzishendeshiyingxing。xijinpingzongshujiqiangdiao: “yigeguojiashixingshenmeyangdezhuyi,guanjianyaokanzheigezhuyinengfoujiejuezheigeguojiamianlindelishixingketi。lishihexianshidougaosubbshixun,zhiyoushehuizhuyicainengjiuzhongguo,zhiyouzhongguoteseshehuizhuyicainengfazhanzhongguo,zheishilishidejielun、renmindexuanze”。(《xijinpingtanzhiguolizheng》di1juan,waiwenchubanshe2018nianban,di22ye)2013nian3yue23rixijinpingzongshujizaifangweneluosishi,haiyilingwaiyizhongxingxianghuadeyuyanmianxiangguojishehuihuidaguozheigewenti,tafengqudishuo: “‘xiezihebuhejiao,zijichuanlecaizhidao’。yigeguojiadefazhandaoluhebuheshi,zhiyouzheigeguojiaderenmincaizuiyoufayanquan。”shixingzhongguoteseshehuizhuyi,shizhongguogongchandanglingdaorenminzaijiejuezhongguogeming、bbshixun、gaigegegelishishiqimianlindelishixingzhongdaketizhongdechudejielun;shizaijiejuezhongguomianlindeyixiliegenbenxingwentideguochengzhongtansuochulaide,tansuodejielunshilishizuochude,tansuodemubiaoshirenminxuanzede,shilishidebiran。

    zhongguoteseshehuizhuyibushicongtianshangdiaoxialaide,shidangherenminlijinqianxinwanku、fuchujudadaijiaqudedegenbenchengjiu。weixuanzefuhezhongguoshijideshehuizhuyifazhandaolu,jiejuezhongguozishenmianlindelishixingketi,zhongguorenminzaizhongguogongchandangdelingdaoxia,jinglilejianxindetansuo。zheizhongtansuojiqichengjiu,jifanyingzaigaigekaifangqiandeshehuizhuyibbshixunshijianzhong,yefanyingzaigaigekaifanghoudezhongguoteseshehuizhuyishijianzhong。xijinpingzongshujizailunshugaigekaifangqianhegaigekaifanghoulianggelishishiqiguanxiwentishi,mingquezhichu: “zheishilianggexianghulianxiyouyouzhongdaqubiedeshiqi,danbenzhishangdoushibbshixundanglingdaorenminjinxingshehuizhuyibbshixundeshijiantansuo。zhongguoteseshehuizhuyishizaigaigekaifanglishixinshiqikaichuangde,danyeshizaixinzhongguoyijingjianliqishehuizhuyijibenzhidu、bingjinxingle20duonianbbshixundejichushangkaichuangde。”(《xijinpingtanzhiguolizheng》di1juan,waiwenchubanshe2018nianban,di22ye)shijianfazhandeguiji,rangbbshixunkanqingyigejibendelishizouxiang,jizhongguoteseshehuizhuyi,shisuizhezhongguogongchandangtuanjiedailingquanzhongguorenminjianxintansuodebufa,yibubuzouxiangguanghuiweilaide。

    gaigekaifangqianzhongguoshehuizhuyibbshixunshijian,chongfenshuomingzhiyouzouzhongguoshideshehuizhuyidaolucainengjiejuexinzhongguomianlindezhongdawenti,yeweibbshixunzhongguoteseshehuizhuyidiandingletansuodejichu。zaijipinjiruo、renrenzaigedejiuzhongguo,yipipixianjindezhishifenzicengjingzaigezhongzhuyihesichaozhongjinxingchangshi。yourenzhuzhangzouzibenzhuyidaolu,danquemeiyouzoutong;yecengjingyourenshituzougailiangzhuyi、ziyouzhuyi、shehuidaerwenzhuyi、wuzhengfuzhuyi、shiyongzhuyi、mincuizhuyi、gongtuanzhuyidengdaolu,yezhishi“nifangchangbabbshixundengchang”,doumeinengjiejuezhongguodeqiantuhemingyunwenti。zhenzhengkaishijiejuezhongguolishixingketi,shiyimaozedongtongzhiweizhuyaodaibiaodezhonghuaminzuyouxiufenzi,jieshoulemakesilieningzhuyi、tuanjiedailingzuiguangdadezhongguorenminqudelezhongguogemingdeshenglibingtansuoleshehuizhuyidaoluyihou。suizhezhonghuarenmingongheguodejianlihefazhan,zaizhongguogongchandangdezhengquelingdaoxia,zaitansuoshehuizhuyidaoludeguochengzhong,chuangzaoxingdifazhanlemakesizhuyiguanyushehuizhuyidelilun,zhubujianlilebijiaowanshandeshehuizhuyizhidu,fengfuhefazhanleshehuizhuyiwenhua,yibubujiejuelebingqierengzaiyouxiaodijiejuezhebbshixunzheigejingjiwenhuabijiaoluohou、minzujipinjiruodeguojiamianlindegezhonglishixingketi,chenggongshixianlezhongguolishishangzuishenkezuiweidadeshehuibiange,weidangdaizhongguoyiqiefazhanjinbudiandinglegenbenzhengzhiqiantihezhidujichu,yeweizaixindelishishiqikaichuangzhongguoteseshehuizhuyitigonglebaoguijingyan、lilunzhunbei、wuzhijichu。

    gaigekaifanghouzhongguoshehuizhuyibbshixundejinyibuchuangxinfazhanshijian,chongfenfanyingchukexueshehuizhuyizaizhongguozhongxinhuanfachuboboshengji,chulejianchihefazhanzhongguoteseshehuizhuyi,meiyourenhebiedeshenmezhuyinenggouzhenzhengjiejuedangdaizhongguomianlindeyiqiezhongdawenti。dangdeshiyijiesanzhongquanhuihou,bbshixundangtichuyaobbshixunzhongguoteseshehuizhuyi。zaizongjieqian30nianshijianjingyandejichushang,jinyibubashehuizhuyiyuzhongguotesejinxingleyoujidejiehe,bingzaishijieshangdiyicibijiaoxitongdichubuhuidalezaizhongguozheiyangjingjiwenhuabijiaoluohoudeguojiaruhebbshixunshehuizhuyi、ruhegongguhefazhanshehuizhuyideyixiliejibenwenti,yibubukaituolemakesizhuyidexinjingjie,yeyibububabbshixunduishehuizhuyiderenshiheshijiantigaodaoxindejingjie。yidengxiaopingtongzhiweizhuyaodaibiaodezhongguogongchandangren,shenkezongjiebbshixunguoshehuizhuyibbshixunzhengfanliangfangmianjingyan,jiejianshijieshehuizhuyilishijingyan,zuochulebadangheguojiagongzuozhongxinzhuanyidaojingjibbshixunshanglai、shixinggaigekaifangdelishixingjuece。bbshixundangzaishenkejieshishehuizhuyibenzhijichushang,quelishehuizhuyichujijieduanjibenluxian,mingquetichuzouzijidelu、bbshixunzhongguoteseshehuizhuyi,kexuehuidalebbshixunzhongguoteseshehuizhuyideyixiliejibenwenti,chenggongkaichuanglezhongguoteseshehuizhuyi。yijiangzemintongzhiweizhuyaodaibiaodezhongguogongchandangren,zaiguoneiwaixingshishifenfuza、shijieshehuizhuyichuxianyanzhongquzhedeyanjunkaoyanmianqian,hanweilezhongguoteseshehuizhuyi,quelileshehuizhuyishichangjingjitizhidegaigemubiaohejibenkuangjia,quelileshehuizhuyichujijieduandejibenjingjizhiduhefenpeizhidu,chenggongdibazhongguoteseshehuizhuyituixiang21shiji。yihujintaotongzhiweizhuyaodaibiaodezhongguogongchandangren,genjuxindefazhanyaoqiu,shenkerenshihehuidalexinxingshixiashixianshenmeyangdefazhan、zenyangfazhandengzhongdawenti,chenggongdizaixindelishiqidianshangjianchihefazhanlezhongguoteseshehuizhuyi。jinruzhongguoteseshehuizhuyixinshidai,yixijinpingtongzhiweihexindedangzhongyangquanmianshenshiguojiguoneixindexingshi,tongguozongjieshijian、zhanwangweilai,shenkehuidalexinshidaijianchihefazhanshenmeyangdezhongguoteseshehuizhuyi、zenyangjianchihefazhanzhongguoteseshehuizhuyizheigezhongdashidaiketi,tuidongledangheguojiashiyefashenglishixingbiange、qudelishixingchengjiu,zhongguoteseshehuizhuyizhanxianchugengjiaguangmingdeqianjing。

    xinzhongguochengli70nianlai,tebieshigaigekaifang40nianlai,shehuizhuyizaizhongguodeweidashijianchongfenshuoming,zhongguorenminxuanzezhongguoteseshehuizhuyi,bushishaoshurenpingkongyixiangde,gengbushiwairenqiangjiade,ershizaizheikuaitudishangderenmin,zaijiejuezishenmianlindezhongdalishixingketizhongzhudongcongshijianzhongdechudedaan;zouzhongguoteseshehuizhuyidaolu,shishihedangdaizhongguofazhandeweiyilujing。yidaidaizhongguogongchandangren,zaizheitiaodaolushangjingenshidaibufa,buduanshuxiezhezhongguoteseshehuizhuyidejingcaipianzhang。

    “xiezihebuhejiao,zijichuanlecaizhidao。”xinzhongguochengli70nianlaitebieshigaigekaifang40nianlaideshishiyijingbaizaishirenmianqian: bbshixunguojingjishili、zongheguolidafutisheng,renminshenghuoxianzhugaishan,jingjizongliangyuejushijiedier,chenggongshixiancongdishouruguojiaxiangzhongdengshouruguojiadekuayue,zhongguodeguojidiweikongqiantigao,biyiwangrenheshihoudoujiejinshijiewutaidezhongyang。zheiyangdeweidachengjiuhelishijubian,zairenleifazhanshishangdoushihanjiande。tebieshijinruxinshidaiyilai,yixijinpingtongzhiweihexindedangzhongyang,zhengzaishuxiezhezhongguoteseshehuizhuyidegengjiajingcaidepianzhang,dailingzhongguorenminweishixianzhonghuaminzuweidafuxingdezhongguomengerfendou。shishixiongbiandizhengming,zhongguoteseshehuizhuyi,zaidaolu、lilun、zhidu、wenhuadengfangmian,zhengshizuiqiehedangdaizhongguofazhanjinbudeneizaituijinqi,shizhongguorenminzhenzheng“hejiao”de“xiezi”。duici,xijinpingzongshujishenkezhichu: “zhongguoteseshehuizhuyi,shikexueshehuizhuyililunluojihezhongguoshehuifazhanlishiluojidebianzhengtongyi,shigenzhiyuzhongguodadi、fanyingzhongguorenminyiyuan、shiyingzhongguoheshidaifazhanjinbuyaoqiudekexueshehuizhuyi,shiquanmianjianchengxiaokangshehui、jiakuaituijinshehuizhuyixiandaihua、shixianzhonghuaminzuweidafuxingdebiyouzhilu。”(《shibadayilaizhongyaowenxianxuanbian》〈shang〉,zhongyangwenxianchubanshe2014nianban,di118ye)zheishilishidejielun、renmindexuanze。

    三、“千磨万击还坚劲,任尔东西南北风”

    zhongguoteseshehuizhuyi,youzishendejiandingxing。xijinpingzongshujishuo: “suizhezhongguoteseshehuizhuyibuduanfazhan,bbshixundezhidubijiangyuelaiyuechengshu,bbshixunguoshehuizhuyizhidudeyouyuexingbijiangjinyibuxianxian,bbshixundedaolubijiangyuezouyuekuanguang。bbshixunjiushiyaoyouzheiyangdedaoluzixin、lilunzixin、zhiduzixin,zhenzhengzuodao‘qianmowanjihaijianjing,renerdongxinanbeifeng’”。(《shibadayilaizhongyaowenxianxuanbian》〈shang〉,zhongyangwenxianchubanshe2014nianban,di111ye)guanyuwenhuazixin,xijinpingzongshujigaoduzhongshi,buduanqiangdiaoyaozengqiang“wenhuazixin”。2016nian5yue17rizaizhexueshehuikexuegongzuozuotanhuishangtaqiangdiaozhichu: “jiandingzhongguoteseshehuizhuyidaoluzixin、lilunzixin、zhiduzixin,shuodaodishiyaojiandingwenhuazixin,wenhuazixinshigengjiben、gengshenchen、gengchijiudeliliang”。tebieshizaidangdeshijiudabaogaozhongshenkezhichu: “wenhuashiyigeguojia、yigeminzudelinghun。wenhuaxingguoyunxing,wenhuaqiangminzuqiang。meiyougaodudewenhuazixin,meiyouwenhuadefanrongxingsheng,jiumeiyouzhonghuaminzuweidafuxing。yaojianchizhongguoteseshehuizhuyiwenhuafazhandaolu,jifaquanminzuwenhuachuangxinchuangzaohuoli,bbshixunshehuizhuyiwenhuaqiangguo”,dengdeng。zhengyinweiyoulezhongguoteseshehuizhuyidaolu、lilun、zhidu、wenhua,caishizhongguorenminzhenzhengshulilegaodudezixin,jiandingdiangshouzouxiangzhonghuaminzuweidafuxingdeguangmingdadao。

    shouxian,shulidaoluzixin,shizhongguoteseshehuizhuyidefangxiangxingyaoqiu。zhongguoteseshehuizhuyijishibbshixundeqizhi,yeshibbshixundefangxiang。zhongguoteseshehuizhuyidaolu,shishixianshehuizhuyixiandaihuadebiyouzhilu,shichuangzaorenminmeihaoshenghuodebiyouzhilu,yeshidangdaizhongguofazhanjinbudeweiyizhengquededaolu。bbshixunyaoshixianguojiafuqiang、minzuzhenxing、renminxingfu,yaoduoququanmianjianchengxiaokangshehuideweidashengli,yaotuijinshehuizhuyixiandaihua、shixianzhonghuaminzuweidafuxing,zouzhongguoteseshehuizhuyidaolushijiandingbuyidefangxiang。bbshixunxuanzezheitiaodaolu,shijingguofengyuchuida、quzhemolianguode,tebieshijingguolezhongduozhongdalishiguantoukaoyanguode。zaigezhongfuzadeguojiguoneibeijingxia,bbshixundangdoudailingrenminjiandingdiyanzhezheitiaodaoluqianxing,qudeyigeyouyigeshengli。jinguanzaizheitiaodaoludetansuoguochengdangzhongyechuxianguoyixiebozhe,danbbshixundangdoudailingrenminjingguozibbshixunxiaozheng、zibbshixunjiupianhou,zouchulejiannankunjing,zoushangzhengqueguidao。zheiqiaqiashuomingzheitiaodaolufazhandebiranluoji,shuomingzhongguorenminzaizhongguogongchandangdedailingxiajuyouqiangdadezizhutansuo、zibbshixunwanshan、zibbshixunjiupiandenengli,yeshuomingzhongguoteseshehuizhuyidaolujuyouneizaidezibbshixunwanshan、zibbshixunxiaozheng、zibbshixungexindejizhi。duizheitiaodaolu,bbshixunmeiyouliyoubuchongmanjiandingdezixin。

    qici,shulililunzixin,shizhongguoteseshehuizhuyidezhenlixingyaoqiu。zhongguogongchandangzhisuoyibamakesizhuyiquedingweizijidezhidaosixianghelilunjichu,shiyinweitashiwuchanjiejidekexueshijieguanhefangfalun,tajieshilerenleishehuifazhandekeguanguilv。zheiyililundezhongguohua,chengweizhongguogongchandangdailingrenminrenshishijie、gaizaoshijiedeqiangdasixiangwuqi,xianshichutaduiyugaizaozhongguoshehuideqiangdazhenlitexing。zhongguogongchandangrenzaiyunyongzheiyililunzhidaozhongguogaigekaifangdeweidashijianzhong,jinjinweiraoshenmeshishehuizhuyi、zenyangbbshixunshehuizhuyidengyixiliejibenwenti,xingchenglezhongguoteseshehuizhuyililun。zheiyililun,zhidaobbshixundeshijian,huajiebbshixunmianlindedadaxiaoxiaodegezhongweiji,jiejuebbshixunmianlindeyixiliefuzananti,zhiyindangherenminyanzhezhongguoteseshehuizhuyidaolushixianzhonghuaminzuweidafuxing。zheiyililun,yeshimakesizhuyizaizhongguodedaobuduanshenhuahechuangzaoxingfazhan,juyoulegengjiaqiangdadeshengmingli,chengweibbshixundanglingdaorenminjinyibuqudezhongguoteseshehuizhuyiweidashenglidejingshencaifuhezhenlililiang,chengweiquandangquanguogezurenmintuanjiefendoudegongtongsixiangjichu。tongshi,makesizhuyidezhenlixinghekexuexing,yejinyibuzaizhongguoteseshehuizhuyideshijianzhongdedaoyanzheng。duizheizhongyiqiecongshijichufa、shishiqiushi,youbuduanyushijujin、kaituochuangxindekexuelilun,bbshixunmeiyouliyoubuchongmanjiandingdezixin。

    disan,shulizhiduzixin,shizhongguoteseshehuizhuyidebaozhangxingyaoqiu。zhongguoteseshehuizhuyibaokuoyizhengtaozhengzhizhiduyijiyixiliewanbeizhidu,shizhongguogongchandangrendailingzhongguorenminjingguozhangqishijiantansuo、shenzhongxuanzehoujianliqilaide,tajishizhonghuarenmingongheguozhanqilai、fuqilaidezhidubaozhang,yeshituidongdangdaizhongguoshehuifazhanjinbudezhidubaozhang,gengshixinshidaizhongguoqiangqilaidezhidubaozhang,juyouxianmingdezhongguotese、mingxiandezhiduyoushi、qiangdadezibbshixunwanshannengli。duizheiyangjishihezhongguozishenfazhan、youtixianshidaixianjinxingdezhidu,bbshixunmeiyouliyoubuchongmanjiandingdezixin。

    disi,shuliwenhuazixin,shizhongguoteseshehuizhuyidejichuxingyaoqiu。zhongguoteseshehuizhuyiwenhua,baohanlezhongguoyouxiuchuantongwenhua、gemingwenhuaheshehuizhuyixianjinwenhua,shizhonghuaminzuzouxiangfuxingdejingshenzhigenhesixiangzhihun。wenhuazixinshigengjiben、gengshenchen、gengchijiudeliliang。bbshixunminzuzai5000duonianwenmingfazhanzhongyunyulefengfudeyouxiuchuantongwenhua,zhongguogongchandangzailingdaorenminjinxingweidadouzhengzhongyunyulexianliangdegemingwenhua,zaitansuoshehuizhuyibbshixunshijianzhongyoujinyibuyunyuletesexianmingdeshehuizhuyixianjinwenhua,zheixiedouweizhonghuaminzubbshixunzhongguoteseshehuizhuyijidianlezuishencengdejingshenzhuiqiu,xingchenglezhonghuaminzuzaidangdaidutedejingshenbiaoshi,yeweishixianzhonghuaminzuweidafuxingjileilegengjichu、gengshenhou、gengguangfandejingshenliliang。youlezheizhongzhi“gen”zhu“hun”dezhongguoteseshehuizhuyiwenhua,bbshixunmeiyouliyoubuchongmanjiandingdezixin。

    youle“sigezixin”,jiuyoulezhongguoteseshehuizhuyidejiandingxing,tongyangyejiuyoulebbshixundang、guojiaheminzuzaixinshidaibuduankaipixintiandi、chuangzaoxinqijidediqi。zhiyoujiandingdaoluzixin、lilunzixin、zhiduzixin、wenhuazixin,cainengzaizhongguoteseshehuizhuyiweidashiyezhongzhenzhengzuodao“qianmowanjihaijianjing,renerdongxinanbeifeng”。

(zuozhe: zhongyangdangshihewenxianyanjiuyuanduiwaihezuobbshixunjujuzhang、yanjiuyuan)

责编: 宣传教育处
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